According to Marco polo, the origin of Tartars was in the northen countries of Bargu and Jorza. Precisely, initially, the place lacked fixed habitations such as fortified places or towns, their own sovereignty, and it was characterized by plenty of water, large rivers, good pastures and extensive plains. Moreover, the population of this tribe continued to increase as time went by, to such an extent that the prince, Prester John, considered the aspect of separating them into different bodies who should assume their abode in district tracts of the country (Marco n.p). In addition, when some individuals happened to show rebellion in any of the provinces, the prince would employ hundreds of individuals to camp in these provinces in order to address the situation. He also employed some individuals in order for them to ensure that the members of the tribe adhere to his policies, such as paying tribute to him. However, since the Tartars were being subjected to slavery by Un-Khan (the prince), they made up the decision of leaving the places that they had initially inhabited, and more further to the north up to a distance that they felt that they are secure and free from paying taxes to the Un-Khan. After migrating to this far place, the tartars elected their king, Chingis-kan, who later became a superior king who was adored by all tartars. Chingis-Khan proceeded to attack Un-Khan, killed him with a spear and took his kingdom.
Mr. Polo`s sources of knowledge concerning the Tartars is from word of mouth. This is due to the fact that while describing the origin of the Tartans, he pointed that it was accordance to what he was informed. He said, “They had no sovereign of their own, and were tributary to a powerful prince, who (as I have been informed) was named in their language, Un-khan, by some thought to have the same signification as Prester John in ours.” (Marco n.p). Precisely, he was informed by a Persia, and this is due to the fact that Frances Wood, the chief of the Chinese language, stipulated that most of the vocabularies that Mr. Polo uses in describing about the Tartans is more of Persian than Chinese.
Mr. Polo`s perception towards the Mongols is positive. He seems to praise the Mongols so much to such an extent that the tribe seems to be perfect in everything. In most cases, a tribe with all these good attributes that he describes is unlikely to exist in a real life situation. For example, he stipulates that one family can be having a number of family members, which includes wives, the husband, and a number of children but it maintains a laudable degree of quiet and unity (Marco n.p).
There are a myriad of statements from Mr. Polo that I have found interesting. For example, the aspect of the son marrying his father wives (after his father`s death) except his mother is interesting. This shows that the Chinese society allowed wife inheritance after the death of the husband. In addition, the aspect of Chingis-Khan to consult the services of magicians and astrologers in order to determine for him whether he would win the battle between him and the Un-Khan is also interesting (Marco n.p). This shows that the Chinese society was at that time practicing and believing the works of magicians.
Marco Polo, On the Tartars. The Meieval Sourcebook.