This means that women have the greater and better occupational opportunities as compared with the past where women ought to be left at home to be the guardian of the house. Because globalization has created global employment opportunities, more people are therefore given the chance to land a job, and so are women. As we can see, more and more women are employed in different fields and have proven their worth. With the global economic trend, countries are pushed and forced to strengthen their working force that they have already recognized the need to have the women’s sector be actively involved.
The world is not running out of men in order to keep the work force alive. Women are employed not because of workforce shortage but because women can at least compete in the global economy, if not exceed the capability of men. With globalization, women’s right to economic and academic development are widely recognized. One of the most prominent critics of globalization concerning women is that globalization created marginalization of women to the informal sector of the economy (J. Murray). Some say that with globalization trends, Multi-national companies have easy access to the exploitation of women’s employment rights (C. Hippert, 2002).
Because the global economy requires flexibility, women are forced to work even in unhealthy manufacturing environment. With this argument, I would have to admit that women are inferior to men in terms of physical strengths. Women cannot work well in constructions as that of men and in areas where physical strengths are basic requirements. But globalization trends do not necessarily push them to work in these areas. Women have their choices of fields: medicine, in the academia, research and development, science and arts and even in technological fields.
Women have proven their worth in business management, in education, in the fields of science and medicine, aviation and even in the military service. What I am trying to point out is that women are not deprived of white collar jobs in the global economy. Physical strength is not all what it takes to excel in the economic environment. It takes intelligence, ability and skills which women do possess. If there have been cases of women’s exploitation in the workplace, it is not in anyway a part of globalization trend.
Gender discrimination has been alive even before globalization so we cannot directly link such exploitation and discrimination with globalization. In fact, it is with the birth of globalization that women’s rights and abilities have been proven and recognized in the global economy, as evidenced by the number of women who have excelled in their own fields. We have women in the military, in the FBI and in the police academy. How many women pilots do we have as pilots, inventors and scientists? I would say that globalization does not pose a threat to women but rather, it calls for a challenge.
Women have all the opportunity to compete and women can. Globalization has been linked to deculturalization, that is, globalization does not create multicultural arena but is hiding behind its true agendum: the creation of a universal culture. “Another concern for feminism has been the right to live without violence. But without hope there can not be peace because the absence of hope is already a form of violence” (A. Facio, 2003). It is my opinion that it is unfair to account violence with the rise of globalization.
As had been cited earlier, violence against women has been in our midst even before the concept of globalization was born. Is it not enough to compare the number of educated women in our time with that of the past centuries? Countries have been encouraging women acquire education because it is required by the global trend. Because globalization opens the door of every nation to connect with other countries by means of trade and industry matters, academic purposes and in other fields, each citizen has to be equipped with enough knowledge and skills in order to compete with the rest of the rest of the world.
When we establish connection with the global culture, there are two things we can possibly do: share what we have and acquire from others what we lack. It means we have the choice of setting limitations as to the extent of the foreign countries’ access to our resources and culture. As the word implies, share does not equally mean give. My point is that our cultural fate is in our hands, it is our own responsibility to protect, preserve and enhance. Globalization therefore does not require us to compromise our cherished culture, and so our women.