Why study psychology? Essay Sample
Britannica Encyclopedia defines psychology as ?Scientific discipline that studies mental processes and behavior in humans and other animals.? It is one of the youngest sciences, since philosophers such as Socrates, Aristotle, and Plato have ?wondered about the mind and soul? for centuries (?Psychology?). They questioned the causes of mental illness, what motivates people, and what brings happiness. Part of psychology can also be traced back to physiology, the study of the human brain and nervous system. The actual establishment of psychology is traced back to 1879, when ?physiologist Wilhelm Wundt established the first laboratory dedicated to the scientific study of the mind? in Leipzig, Germany (?Psychology?). Since then, many different branches of psychology that have a significant effect on people and the actions they take.
Psychology investigates a wide spectrum of topics which include learning and memory, sensation and perception, motivation and emotion, thinking and language, personality and social behavior, intelligence, infancy and child development, mental illness, and much more. It is very important to study these fields because they are present in everything we do. The brain and mind are the reasons we are the way we are and act in a certain way: ?Psychology has a leading role to play in understanding how brain function relates to behaviour?(?Why Study Psychology??). People are, and always have been, curious about why they feel, think and behave as they do. The reasons why we act a certain way may help us be more successful in life. Making decisions, for example, is an important task that everyone must carry out on a day-to-day basis. Studying the thought process or behavior may guide a person to make better decisions, and therefore makes psychology a significant field
Psychology is important because it helps us understand why we do things the way we do, and how we can change it for the better. It can help us with stress, depression, and motivation. It can teach us why these emotions happen and how we can deal with them. It can help us define ourselves and live happier lives. Studying psychology may also encourage us to help others. We may be more successful at cheering up some friends, or in the future know how to raise our children properly. Teaching psychology is also significant because of the impact it can have on a person?s worldview. One can understand why he acts a certain way in situations or the source of why he is may be unmotivated. When the cause is found, one can then prevent it from repeating, or rather amplify the response.
One of the purposes of psychology is to study why something occurs to exist. Many investigations are done in attempt to explain why a person or animal acts a certain way. ?As scientists, psychologists conduct research following the scientific method and use observation, experimentation, and statistical analysis to evaluate the results? (?Why Study Psychology??). Psychology is conducted through basic research, to find patterns between the brain and the mind. It is of course important to find the patterns because when they are understood, it can greatly enrich human life. The significance of understanding psychology is that human characteristics are based on behavior. Someone?s personality and intelligence for instance are related to the way he acts. It is therefore important to study psychology.
There are many benefits from studying psychology. Knowledge of how the brain works and the study of different types of memorizations can make it easier for us to remember things. Psychology can help us interpret our dreams as well. Knowing the meanings of our dreams can help us discover our hidden desires. Depression and suicide may also be preventable from the study of emotions. The study of people in real world settings can be helpful in solving practical human problems. Psychologists help individuals and families learn about themselves, solve problems, and in conclusion live happier lives.
The study of psychology is important in many professions, including Criminal justice, advertising, and even generic businesses. In the field of Criminal Justice, studying behavior shows the way criminals act and the causes for their actions. Because of psychology, we may be able to prevent others from becoming criminals, as well as treat criminals to become better people: ?Future crimes can be prevented by changing the offender?s behavior. The rehabilitation philosophy rests on the premise that people who commit crimes have identifiable reasons for doing so and that these can be discovered, addressed, and altered? (Inciardi, 426). The use of psychology in the field of advertising is also significant. For instance, colors have an effect on a person?s emotion: ?There are a number of general and universal reactions to color which seem to be noted in most persons? (Sasiki). With the use of psychology, the ad will have the effect on the reader as planned, which could lead to better sales of the product. Psychological principles can also be applied to the work place to improve productivity and the quality of work life. As seen, psychology can be very useful in all professions, and is therefore very important to study.
The goals of psychology are divided into four sections. Describing human and animal behavior and mental processes is the first. A description then leads to an explanation of why an animal or human may act a certain way. Using the explanation and description, one may then be capable of predicting a behavior or mental process. By predicting what will happen, it is possible to prevent an occurrence. When a negative behavior is predicted, stopping it is important not only to an individual, but also others whom he may harm. By taking control of the situation, one can alter the conditions that influence behavior for the better. These goals are significant for understanding, explaining, and changing human conduct.
Psychology is one of the most important sciences in the world and should therefore be studied by all. The knowledge is useful in everything we carry out, and can be applied to basically any profession. The brain and mind controls our behavior, which in turn makes us who we are, how we act, and how we treat others. Most importantly, we need to study psychology so we can make the world a better and happier place.