1. What is rewilding? Pleistocene rewilding?
Rewilding is a term Emma Marris uses in her book pointing out at the need for restoring nature to its condition before human interruption (Marris 57). Pleistocene rewilding, on another hand, is advocating for the introduction of Pleistocene megafauna’s descendants or similar species in a place where they became extinct (Marris 57).
2. What did Paul Martin suggest about burros in the Grand Canyon, rails in the Pacific islands and predators and large herbivores in the western US?
Paul Martin suggests that reintroduction of burros in the Grand Canyon, rails in the Pacific Island and predators and big herbivores in the Western US will be a big problem because they need to feed (Marris 59). Their food is not readily available meaning that there is the need for thinking in a new way other than introducing what is already lost.
3. What do Josh Donlan and others want to do with introducing large animals and why?
Josh Donlan and others want to introduce large animals such as cheetahs, horses, camels and elephant to try and restore the pristine state of the ecosystem. Elephants and camels are aimed at controlling the invasive species of shrubs while cheetahs are intended to keep the population of American pronghorn at check and horses are introduced in the place for zebras that feed on grass (Marris 68). The purpose is to come up with an ecosystem that resembles the sort that was there before species of animals and plants got lost.
4. What is being done in the park in the Netherlands called the Oostvaardersplassen?
Oostvaardersplassen is a park that was initially intended to be put to industrial use before biologists managed to convince the government about the importance of restoring the land to its uncompromised state (Lorimer & Driessen 170). Biologists have for several decades been stocking Oostvaardersplassen with different animals and exterminating some for better options. In place of bovine, they settled for the Heck Cattle. Such cattle, red deer from Scotland, horses from Poland, and animals such as egrets, geese, and foxes multiplies at a high rate making the park look similar to the ecosystem that was there in the past. The experiment has been a success, thanks to scientists in the field of ecology (Lorimer & Driessen 170).
Lorimer, Jamie, and Clemens Driessen. “Wild experiments at the Oostvaardersplassen: Rethinking environmentalism in the Anthropocene.” Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 39.2 (2014): 169-181.
Marris, Emma. Rambunctious garden: saving nature in a post-wild world. Bloomsbury Publishing USA, 2013.