Shakespeare’s drama Hamlet is a good known and has been excessively discussed about throughout the universe. Finding out merely one subject of Hamlet has been an statement for a long clip and many agree with me in stating that there isn’t merely one subject but many sub-themes that go on throughout the whole narrative. As I read the drama. Hamlet. I was filled with many images that sparked my imaginativeness and was largely dark and awful. The imagination of disease. corruptness. and decay contributes to the subject of decease. and decay. The aura of calamity is present from the beginning to the terminal of the drama ; the lone little respite of the dark temper comes in the Gravediggers’ scene. but even the comedy of this scene is morbid. The drama instantly starts out with this evil dark imagination and is clear throughout the drama and non limited to the last act when bulk of the dramatis personae is struck by decease.

From the beginning of the drama the reader/viewer can state that this drama is non traveling to be about bunny coneies and Fieldss of flowers. In the first scene. an ambiance of darkness and edginess is instantly established. The somberness of the palace. the eerie midnight darkness. and the “bitter cold” all create a sense of apprehension as the alteration of guard takes topographic point and the soldiers talk in fearful tones about the apparitional figure that they have seen. The soldier on responsibility. Francisco. feels “sick at heart” and thirstily welcomes Bernardo. even though he admits that his has been a “quiet guard. ” Francisco’s illness can non be simply caused by the coldness of the winter dark. It gives inventive look to the putrescence in the province of Denmark. Shakespeare wonderfully establishes the topographic point and temper within the first 20 lines of the drama.

The shade cryptic silence and speedy going further darkens the ambiance of the opening scene of the drama. Shakespeare instantly writes about decease with the presence of shade. In order for there to be a shade in a narrative person has to hold died. The late male monarch is dead and now walks the evidences in purgatory. The presence of a shade scares the guards they are struck with fright and admiration.

More imagination is used by Shakespeare to implement the subject of decease and decay in Hamlet’s foremost soliloquy. ” O that this excessively excessively sullied flesh would run. melt. and decide itself into a dew ( I. II. 130 ) ” and “seems to me all the utilizations of this world… tis an unweeded garden that grows to seed. Thingss rank gross in nature posses it simply ( I. II. 136 ) . The imagination of the unweeded garden in his monologue symbolizes the autumn from a province of flawlessness and order. Hamlet explains that his dark apparels and other external marks of mourning are nil in comparing with what he feels in his bosom. He is disgusted with life. and the universe appears to him “weary. stale. level. and. unprofitable. ” a topographic point tantrum for merely those who are gross and ailment of nature. Hamlet longs to decease and wants that self-destruction were non a wickedness. He is outraged by his mother’s headlong matrimony to his Uncle.

When the drama could travel to a happier temper. about Hamlet and Ophelia falling in love is doesn’t and alternatively goes a different manner. Scene two shows both Ophelia’s brother Laertes and her male parent Polonius speaking to her remaining off from Hamlet and his wants aren’t good. “Perhaps he loves you now. and now no dirt nor cautel doth besmirch… . but you must fear ( I. III. 15 ) “Fear it. Ophelia. fright it. my beloved sister … . Be wary so ; best safety lies in fright. ( I. III. 43 ) Polonius is seeking to state Ophelia to be cautiousnesss around Hamlet and to avoid him. A clip in a drama that could hold got light and lovely ; Shakespeare makes it a warning of fright to Ophelia of Hamlet.

In the 4th scene the scene once more returns to the eerie crenelations of the palace at midnight. Hamlet has come to fall in the guards and Horatio in hopes to see the shade. Hamlet is convinced that the visual aspect of his father’s phantom is an portent of disgusting drama that will shortly be revealed. Hamlet exclaims. “My father’s spirit in weaponries! All is non good. ( I. II. 260 ) ”

Before the shade is seen we can hear the loud parties of the new male monarch. This is a mark that the new King. Hamlet’s uncle and stepfather. is engaged in his customary bibulous revelry. Drinking intoxicant is a signifier of decaying of the organic structure because intoxicant is a toxicant and to expose the organic structure to it exceededly is harmful to the organic structure. Shakespeare could hold wrote in that King Claudius was imbibing tea with friends over dinner but alternatively Shakespeare stayed with the subject of decease and decay and that Denmark is decomposing. by seting bibulous work forces in the tribunal.

The shade comes out once more for the 4th dark and gestures to be followed. The guards fearing it would be unsafe and could even take to Hamlet’s decease. they are weary and seek to halt Hamlet from following the shade but Hamlet says he will kill them if he has to. in order to follow the phantom and happen out some replies to his inquiries. “By heaven. I’ll make a shade of him that lets me! I say off! -Go on. I’ll follow thee. ( I. IV. 85 ) ” ; But Hamlet ignores his friends’ warnings. interrupt off from them when they try to physically keep him. and follows the Ghost. The subject of decease is lightly seen throughout the drama in many different ways and isn’t difficult to happen and pick out if you look but here in the scene it is clearly seeable. Hamlet is endangering to take some else’s life if they do non allow him make as he wills.

The most popular imagination of decease and decay is Horatio claiming “Something is rotten in the province of Denmark ( I. IV. 90 ) . ” The procedure of decease involves disintegrating and the state has gone “rotten” so there is something to worry approximately because the state could be deceasing excessively. This is one of the most celebrated lines in Hamlet and is shows that Horatio is worried. The aftermath of King Hamlet’s decease makes Horatio believe that the shade must intend something bad for the full province of Denmark. And he thinks the shade as an portent of bad times in front for Denmark ; in the earlier scene Horatio reminds the others of the unnatural phenomena that preceded Julius Caesar’s blackwash. “The Gravess stood tenantless and the sheeted dead did whine an gibber in the Roman streets. ( I. I. 119 ) ” Horatio and Marcellus are convinced that this is non good and make up one’s mind to travel after Hamlet who followed the shade.

Subsequently when the shade speaks to Hamlet he furthers the thought of decease and decay by saying at the minute of his decease his tegument became “Most lazar-like with vile and loathsome crust all my smooth organic structure ( I. V. 72 ) ” . These efforts to clarify on the felling of decease about like going a bounder before decease eventually takes it toll. This toxicant invaded his defenseless organic structure and “swift as mercury … it class through the natural Gatess and back streets of the organic structure. ( I. V. 67 ) ”” Both here and throughout the drama putrescence and illness are shown to occupy and destruct everything good. The shade tells Hamlet he will hold to return to “sulphurous and torturing fires of purging fires of his prison and roam at darks until the “foul crimes” committed during his reign are avenged. The shade so calls upon Hamlet to revenge his “most foul. unusual and unnatural slaying. ” ( I. V. 29 )

Then Hamlet makes his chaps swear they wont speak of the shade to anyone. “Never to talk of this that you has seen. swear by my blade. Swear. ( I. V. 163 ) ” Hamlet enforced several times by the warnings from the apparitional voice coming from below to curse. stressing the fact that the dead male monarch has non gone to heaven. for he had no opportunity to squeal his wickednesss before he died. This is merely another reminder to the audience of the disconnected decease.

Shakespeare wrote Hamlet with tonss of imagination and they do non restrict the head to one subject opposed to another but alternatively the images evoke and spread out the head. Personally the images gave me the feeling of an on-going subject of decease and decay throughout the whole drama. As reported by Ball ” images evoke and spread out. instead that define and bound. As reported by Ball images call up associations that are non the same for everyone so a different thought can be formed from everyone. That is why the treatment over “the” subject is so controversy because everyone interprets Shakespeare otherwise