Construction of the Basilica of Maxentius 333 Construction of Old St. Peter’s in Rome 337 Conversion of Emperor Constantine to Christianity 391 Christianity made the state religion of the Roman Empire 476 End of the Roman Empire Ca. 530 St. Benedict’s Rule written 612 Monastery of St. Gall founded 800 Charlemagne coronated as Holy Roman Emperor by the Pope in Rome 816-17 Synod in Aachen Ca. 820 Ideal plan for the Monastery of St. Gall drafted Monastery: A monastery is a building or collection of buildings in which monks live.
Basilica: A basilica is a church that is rectangular in shape and has a rounded end. St. Benedict: Italian monk who founded the Benedictine order about 540 (480-547) Nave: The nave of a church is the long central part where people gather to worship. Apse: a domed or vaulted semicircular or polygonal recess, esp at the east end of a church. Cloister: A cloister is a covered area around a square in a monastery or a cathedral. Westwork: Dormitory: A dormitory is a building at a college or university where students live.
A refectory is a large room in a monastery or other institution, where meals are served and eaten. 1. cloister, church, refectory, and dormitory The First of these areas was that of the claustrum, or monastic enclosure round the cloister – the cut-off world composed of dorter to the east, refectory to the south, and cellar to the west. This shut-off area of peace to the south of the church is balanced by asecond area to the north of the church that was open to the world.
The remaining two areas are those of the domestic buildings, in which the craftsmen and menials lived, in their workshops and alongside the animals, and for the sick and the novices behind the church, i. e. those no longer or not yet bound to observe the strict life of the Rule. 2. Claustra (cloisters) St. Benedict twice uses the word claustra in his rule. He makes it clear that no one can leave the confines of the monastery without the abbot’s permission. 3.
The plan of St. Gall has regectory, cloister, westwork, dormitory, infirmary and novitiate. Charlemagne recognized that the monastery as a school, mission centre, agricultural concern and administrative base, should be a tightly disciplined unit. 4. The monastery besides an inner school for the noviciate, should have an external one for laymen and strangers. 5. 6entraces. 1,2,3for guests. 4 for porter. 5 for visiting monks. 6 for monks who are living the monastery.