The changing technology in housing in the post-war period such as the introduction of new, more efficient designs that focused on functionality and minimal details improved the Australian way of life. The use of these designs made housing affordable for lower-class families. The new designs also persuaded Australians to reject conservative values of previous periods and embraced the idea of building in relation to space, technology and engineering techniques. For example, Source 8. 14 conveys an image of functionalism.
In addition, housing styles changed as a result of the lack of availability of traditional materials. The use of new materials and techniques made house-building easier and cheaper. The use of cheap materials such as cement roof tiles, timber frames, fibrous plaster sheets known as ‘gyprock’ and poured concrete floors made housing more affordable for Australians. Source 19. 3 shows an example of a house that uses cheaper materials. Furthermore, during the 1970s, there were significant changes in housing that affected Australians.
Buildings that had been recently uninhabited or neglected became desirable and most of these became gentrified. On the other hand, high-rise apartments solved space problems by allowing more families to live up rather than out. In the 1990s, many social problems were attributed to massive urban sprawl. These include car dependence, social isolation, pollution and strain on public infrastructure. Source 8. 14Source 19. 3In the post war period, the development of more advanced home appliances helped speed up life in the 20th century.
These new appliances reduced the amount of time spent on household chores. Many women now had more time for leisure or paid work outside the home. Source 19. 4 outlines some examples of advanced household appliances in the 2000s. It also demonstrates that there are now appliances for nearly every domestic function in the home. The spread of home appliances such as the ones in Source 19. 4 was fuelled by refinements in mass production – which lowered prices – and the rise of credit. Further, the promotion of the ‘new’ kitchen, evident in Source 19. , represents an age which was highly confident and people thought that perfection in hygiene and practicality was desirable. However, the continual technological improvements meant that home appliances became outdated quickly. This led to environmental waste problems. Source 19. 4 Source 19. 5In the post-war period, entertainment has changed dramatically. In 1956, the introduction of the television increased home entertainment. It also saw Australia become well acquainted with American culture. Australians began to identify and emulate American values, ideas, humour, style and trends.
Moreover, Australians were able to stay aware about global events and participate in important social changes such as the women’s liberation movement. In the 1960s, the introduction of the video tape and satellite technology revolutionised news production. However, in recent years, the rapid advances in entertainment such as television, computer games and the internet have raised public health and interpersonal issues in a 21st century society. Since 1950, communications in Australia has advanced rapidly. The introduction of the television in 1956 has changed the way we receive information and experience the world.
Large amounts of information such as the broadcast of the first moon landing and the shaping of public opinion during the Vietnam War can be transferred over a short period of time. In the 1960s, the introduction of satellite technology has helped bridge Australia’s geographic isolation. It has created a bond between Australians and other people such as people living in South-East Asia. In the 1990s, the introduction of the internet made it possible for millions of people to access and share large amounts of information, and perform daily activities from the comfort of their own home.
Advancing forms of communications has provided new avenues for advertising to deliver its message to Australians. Despite the benefits of the internet, there are disadvantaged people in society who do not have computer access. During the post-war period, transport has rapidly developed in Australia. The widespread use of the motor car in the 1950s made people more mobile and people began to live away from public transport. In the 1960s, the advance in air travel helped bridge the gap between Australia and the world. At about the same time, long-distance rail travel was common.
It was another way families could relax and spend leisure time. In the 1970s, the introduction of new jumbo jets enabled Australians to travel to other places in the world within one day. The use of air travel rapidly increased in the 1970s and 1980s as a result of lower costs and faster travel times. By the 1990s, the car was an essential part of everyday life. However, the rapid advances in transport has created many social, health and environmental problems. Bibliography Retro Active 2: Australian History Experience of Nationhood