I am indeed grateful to Prof. Rutwa Mehta and Prof. Hemali Tanna my mentor and my project guide for providing the guidance, advice, constructive suggestions and faith in our ability inspired to perform well who gave me a valuable opportunity of involving myself in studying this project. I would also like to thank every individual who have been directly or indirectly helpful for the successful completion of this project. Place: Rajkot Date : (Signature of students) Popatputra Ahad A.

The automobile industry has undergone significant changes since Henry Ford first introduced the assembly line technique for the mass production of cars. Production concepts, processes and the associated technologies have changed dramatically since the first cars were built. Some 70 years ago, car assembly was primarily manual work. Today, the process of car assembly is almost fully automated. In the old days, firms attached importance to the production of virtually every part in a single plant, while today, carmakers oncentrate on only a few specific production stages. Parts and module production, services and related activities have been shifted to other, specialised firms. Since the 1980s, it has become clear that further productivity gains to retain competitiveness can be possible only by outsourcing and securing greater flexibility. For example, firms, especially small car producers whose markets have been threatened by imports, have diversified their production programmes, thereby introducing greater flexibility in the production process.