They tried to reconcile among the Shi’a opposition. The core different was that they disagreed who the caliph should be. What was the fictional account of life at the court of the Caliph al-Rashid? The Tale of The Thousand and One Nights How did the administration of al-Rashid set a trend for subsequent Abbasid rulers? They set the trend for luxury living What was the result of the civil wars following the death of al-Rashid? After the death of al-Rashid, candidates that went there for the throne recognized the need to build up personal armies, often of slave soldiers.

What accounts for the disruption of the agricultural economy of the Abbasid Empire? The irrigation works fell into despair and some areas collapsed entirely. What was the attitude of the Abbasids toward the institution of slavery? The Abbaside Elite (Ayans) demanded growing numbers of both male and female slaves for concubines and domestic service. What was the regional splinter dynasty that captured Baghdad in 945? The Buyids of Persia What group successfully captured Baghdad in 1055? The Seljuk Turks What was the religious affiliation of the Seljuk Turks? They were Sunnis

What was the impact of the Seljuk conquest of Baghdad on the Abbasid Empire? Their impact was to purge the Shi’as officials and rid the Caliphs domains of Shi’a influences Who was the Muslim leader responsible for the reconquest of most of the territories belonging to the Christians? Saladin What accounts for the success of the first Crusade? The element of surprise What was the impact of the Crusades on the Christian West? The popular cultures were influenced in things such as words, games, food, and songs. What was the level of trade in the Abbasid empire?

Their items were in great demand from Europe to China. It was growing and increasing between cities thriving in trade. What was the Shah-Nama? It was written by Firdawsi in late 10th century and early 11th century; relates history of Persia from creation to the Islamic Conquests How did the political center of Islam change afte rhte Mongol Invasion? They never recovered from the Mongol attacks. They shrunk from the status of one of the great cities. Where was the capital of the Islamic kingdom established after 1206 on the Genetic Plain?

It was at Dehli along the Jumna River on the Gangetic Plain. What groups in India were most likely to convert to Islam? Buddhists were the most likely to convert and Hindu’s low caste groups. In general, how did Islam spread in southeast Asia? Through Port Cities and trading centers on the sea and around the country. Chapter 8 Study Guide What was the most significant impact on sub-saharan africa between 800 and 1500 as the frequency and intensity of contact with the outside world increased? the arrival of islam What was the function of secret societies in african cultlure? ecause their membership cut acros lineage divisions, they acted to maintain stability within the community and diminish clan feuds The major drawback to african trade with other civilizations? unprocessed goods The first african region to be converted to islam? northwest Africa Most important christian kingdom in Africa? Ethipoian Kingdom The sudanic kingdom that declined in 1076? Ghana The geographical location of the empire of the Mali Empire? between senegal and niger rivers What monarch is credited with beginning Manlike expansion and creating the Mali Empire? Sundiata

Who were the African traders associated with the Mali Empire? Juula What was the Nature of trade of urbanization within the Mali Empire? international trade flourished in the urbanized ports of east Africa, including commerce with India and China What was the social and political function of the griots? Griots mastered the oral traditions of the Malinke and by knowing the past were considered excellent advisors of kings. What ruler was responsible for the creation of the songhay empire? Sunni Ali What was the military title taken by the later rulers of Songhay? Askia What accounted for the downfall of songhay?

Invasion by a moroccan muslim army equipped with firearms followed by internal revolts. Why was Islam so readily adopted by rulers with the sudan? The Muslim concept of a ruler who united civil and religious authority reinforced traditional ideas of kingship. How was the institution of slavery viewed in Muslim society? In theory slavery was seen as a stage in the process of conversion of pagans to Islam. What is the Arabic term for the East African coast? Kanj What was the common cultural trait of the urbanized trading ports of the East African coast? Bantu-based and Arabic-influenced Swahili language

What was the impact of the Portuguese arrival on the trading patterns of the East African coast? They built a major outpost at Fort Jesus in Mombasa in 1592, they were never able to control the trade on the Northern Swahili coast. Many African societies unaffected by either Christianity or islam developed states without what characteristics? Lack of writing What was the form of political organization of the kingdom of kongo? the kingdom of kango was a confederation of smaller statesbrought under the control of the king and divided into 8 provences In what region was the influence of Islam most profound? sudan and swahili coast.