Sociology Chapter 1 (T&F)

All human behavior occurs within a societal context.
True
Sociologists focus on social change and ignore social stability.
False
Sociological conclusions are based on careful and systematic observations.
False
From a sociological perspective, concerns with styles and personal appearance are the product of social forces.
True
Sociologists, like other social scientists, are only interested in unusual or extreme human behavior.
False
C. Wright Mills defined the sociological imagination as the ability to see individual experiences within a larger social context.
True
Much of what is presented as common sense in the media and elsewhere in society is often correct.
False
According to Peter Berger, sociologists question actions and ideas that are typically taken for granted.
True
Sociology began as a discipline in response to the upheaval of World War I.
False
According to Durkheim, the economic organization of society is the most important influence on what humans think and how they behave.
False
According to Durkheim, examining social facts is the primary purpose of sociology.
True
Marx was primarily interested in the study of capitalism.
True
he conflict perspective emphasizes the consensus and order that exist in society.
False
According to Weber, sociological research should be used to promote political beliefs.
False
Weber believed that people’s behavior could only be understood from the objective position of the outside observer.
False
The focus of the early American sociologists was solving social problems.
True
Social Darwinists believed that social arrangements, including poverty and inequality, were natural and inevitable.
True
The early African American and women sociologists, in particular, felt that the study of society should be combined with social activism.
True
According to functionalists, deviance leads to social change.
True
All functions are positive.
False
From a conflict perspective inequality serve a purpose in society by motivating members of society to achieve more.
False
Both functionalists and conflict theorists see the source of human behavior in the structure of society.
True
Symbolic interactionists see meaning as constantly modified through social interaction.
True
Sociologists who were part of the Chicago School were primarily interested in how society shaped people’s identities.
False
All sociological theory may be categorized as functionalist, conflict theory, or symbolic interactionism.
False

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