Social Psychology-Chapter 3: The social self

affective forecasting
the process of predicting how one would feel in response to future.
bask in reflected glory (BIRG)
to increase self-esteem by associating with others who are successful
An Eastern system of thought that accepts the coexistence of contradictory characteristics within a single person
downward social comparisons
the defensive tendency to compare ourselves with others who are worse off than we are.
facial feedback hypothesis
the hypothesis that changes in facial expression can lead to corresponding changes in emotion
implicit egotism
an unconscious and subtle form of self enhancement
overjustification effect
the tendency for intrinsic motivation to diminish for activities that have become associated with reward or other extrinsic factors
private self-consciousness
a personality characteristic of individuals who are introspective, often attending to their own inner states
public self-consciousness
a personality characteristic of individuals who foucus on themselves as a social objects, as seen by others
self-awareness theory
the theory that self-focused attention leads people to notice self discrepancies, thereby motivating either an escape from self-awareness or a change in behavior
the sum total of an individual’s belief about his or her own personal attributes
a belief people hold about themselves that guide the processing of self-relevant information
an affective component of the self, consisting of a person’s positive and negative self-evaluations
Terror Management Theory
The theory that humans cope with the fear of their own death by constructing worldviews that help to preserve their self-esteem.
Behaviors designed to sabotage one owns performance in order to provide a subsequent excuse for failure
the tendency to change behavior in response to the self-presentation concerns of the situation
self-perception theory
the theory that when internal cues are difficult to interpret, people gain self insight by observing their own behavior
strategies people used to shape what others think of them
a belief people hold about themsleves that guides the processing of self-relevant information
social comparison theory
the theory that people evaluate their own abilities and opinions by comparing themselves to others
two-factor theory of emotion
the theory that experience of emotion is based on two factors:physiological arousal and a cognitive interpretation of that arousal

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