Red Cross Lifeguarding Test study guide

M
Medication
P
Pertinent past medical history
L
Last oral intake
E
Events leading up to the incident
RID Factor pg 44
When an active victim may drown
R~ recognition; recognizing that a victim may need assistance
I~intrusion; when a secondary task takes over your servalance duties
Distraction~ Any major of minor distraction
RICE pg 236
R~ Rest; avoid general movement
I~ Immobilize; stabilize the injured area
C~cold apply ice
E~ elevate; elevate the injury
Buddy pairs pg 67-69
~2 person pair
~both buddies are responsible for each other
~Buddy board is used to identify the buddy pairs and there ablity to swim
~The buddys board person must be notified if the buddty pair move from one area to another
~buddy check are at certian time and they check for all buddy pairs
A.F.R pg 24
+accidental fecal release
+clear the pool
+remove as mush as possible with a scoop or a net
signs and symptoms of hypothermia pg. 234
~ when the victims entire body is cooled down because the victim can no longer keep itself warm
~signs and symptoms: shivering, numbness, glassy stare,apathy, weakness or impaired judgement, and loss of consciousness
~ move victim to a warmer place, remove any wet clothing and try to keep the victim at body temp. And summon EMS
signs for hypoxia pg. 176-177

hypoxia is a condition in which insufficient oxygen reaches the cells, resulting in cyanosis

~Range/Percent Value/Delivery Device
-normal/95-100%/none
-Mild hypoxia/91-94%/Nasal cannula or resuscitation mask
-moderate hypoxia/86-90%/nonrebreather or BVM
-severe hypoxia/<85%/ non rebreather mask or BVM LOOK IN THE BOOK FOR CHART
Emergency oxygen pg.172
higher concentration of oxygen given
Marked U.S.P and have a yellow diamond
Compression Depth pg. 197
Adult -at least 2 inches
Child-about 2 inches
Infant – about 1 and a half inches to 2 inches
Cardiac chain of survival pg. 194
-Early recognition and early access to the
emergency medical services (EMS)
-early CPR
-Early defibrillation
-Early and advanced medical care
AED pg 202
~remove chest hair if possible
The device can malfunction and if it does contact the manufacturer
~Replace batteries
Types of swimmers pg.40
Look at chart
Primary responsibilities pg. 2
~ monitoring activities in and near the water through patron
~preventing injuries by minimizing or eliminating hazardous situations or behaviors
~enforcing facility rules and regulations and educating patrons about them
~recognizing and responding and effectively to all emergencies
~Administering first aid and CPR , including using am AED, and if trained administering emergency oxygen when needed.
~working as a team with out her lifeguards, facility staff, and management.
~testing the pool
~assisting patrons
~cleaning or performing maintenance
~completing records and reports
~Performing opening duties, closing duties,or facility safety checks and inspections
Legal Considerations pg. 6
~Duty to act -When on the job you have legal responsibility to act in an emergency situation. Failure to do so will and can result in legal action

~Standard of care -Meet at least minimum standard of care. This standard is to communicate proper info and warnings to help prevent injury. Recognize someone’s need for care. Attempt to rescue. Provide emergency care

~ Negligence- lifeguard fails to follow standard care or completely failed to act. Negligence includes: FAILING TO CONTROL OR STOP ANY BEHAVIORS THAT COULD RESULT IN FURTHER HARM OR INJURY. FAILING TO PROVIDE CARE. PROVIDING INAPPROPRIATE CARE. PROVIDING CARE BEYOND THE SCOPE OF PRACTICE OR LEVEL OF TRAINING.

~Abandonment- once care is initiated it must be continued until emergency medical services personal or someone with equal or greater training arrives and takes over. You can be legally responsible for abandoning a victim who needs care

~ Confidentiality – While making a rescue or providing care you may learn something about the injured or I’ll person, the victim has the
right of confidential

~Documentation- proper documentation

~ Consent- permission to treat

~ Refusal of care- wish must be honored you must still call 911

Zones of Surveillance pg. 45-46
Your area of watch. KNOW
~ number of people
~types of activities
~Variety of activities
~ time of day
~ Environmental conditions, such as glare from the sun
MSDS pg 31
Material safety Data sheet
The information for the type of hazardous chemicals . MUT BE EASY TO FIND AND USE
Ventilation
ADULT
Adult: single rescuer –
1 breath every 5 seconds (1 t,2t,3t,inhale, exhale)
2 rescuer –
1 ventilation every 5 sec.(1t,2t,3t,4t squeeze )
Ventilation
Child
Single rescuer-
1 breath every 3 seconds (1t, inhale, exhale )
2 rescuer –
1 ventilation every 3 seconds (1t,2t,squeeze)
Ventilation
Infant
Single rescuer-
1 breath every 3 seconds (1t,inhale, exhale)
Double resuer-
1 ventilation every 3 seconds (1t, 2t squeeze)
F.I.N.D acronyms
F-figure out the problem
I- Identify possible solution
N- Name the possible pros and cons of each solution
D- decide which solution is the best, than act on it
Oxygen
Intake 21% oxygen
Exhale 16% (given to victim from ventalations)
Hypoxia signs
Increased heart rate
Ventilation rates per min
Page 172
Adult- 12-20 breathes per min
Child- 15-30 breathes per min
Infant- 25-50 breathes per min
*ALWAYS KEEP AIRWAY OPEN*
Mask placement
Between lower lip and chin
Haynes position
Recovery position
Switch oxygen tanks out at
At 200 PSI’s
Situation steps
1) assess the scene
2)check for consciousness (if conscious ask for concent to treat)
3)put on gloves
4) if no response call 911
5) check for breathing and pulse for no more than 10 seconds
6) treat as necessary. (CPR, VENTILATIONS.. SO ON)
CPR RATIOS
ADULT (1R) 30:2 (2R) 30:2
CHILD (1R)30:2. (2R) 15:2
INFANT (1R)30:2.(2R) 15:2
Primary Assessment
Any life threatening conditions
Secondary Assessment
Any thing no life threatening
Nasal cannula
1-6 ppm
24-44./*
Victims with breathing difficulty
Victims unable to tollerate the mask
Resucition mask
6-15 ppm
35-55./*
Victims with breathing difficulty
Victims who are nonbreathing
Non-rebreather mask
10-15 lpm only consous people
Up to 90./*
Breathing victims only
Bvm
15 lpm or higher
90./* or higher
Breathing and nonbreathing victims
S
Signs and symptoms
A
Allergies

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