Photography

Lens
Bends the light rays through the negative to enlarge the picture
Diaphragm or Aperture
Adjustable opening which controls the amount of light passing through the lens
Condenser lens
Spread the light over the negative
Negative Carier
A clamp like device that fixes a negative in position in an enlarger.
Developer
A chemical for developing a film or photographic paper and for turning an exposed film’s or paper’s latent image into an image that can be seen.
Stop bath
a darkroom chemical that is used in the developing process to end developing
Fixer
A chemical solution that removes any photosensitive silver-halide crystals that were not acted upon by light or by the developer. Makes image permanent.
Washing
The process of rinsing of film or photographic papers with water to remove chemicals from them.
Combonation print
Another name for a composite photograph, which is made my combining pictures from different sources into a single image.
Cropping
by raising the enlarger head up and down you can remove a portion that is unwanted or change the composition of the print.
Emultion
a light sensitive material used on film for taking photographs.
Poly-contrast
magenta color added to your enlarger, the longer the time for exposure.
Photogram
a creative darkroom process that requires no film.
Photo paper
a shiny surfaced, light sensitive paper used in making photographic prints.
Sandwiching
Uses two or more negatives to make one print.
Test strips
created by exposing a strip of photo paper to light in 1 second intervals
Developer
chemical for developing a film and for an exposed films’s latent image into an image that can be seen.
Fixer
chemical solution that removes any photo-sensitive silver-halide crystals that were not acted upon by light or by the developer. Making image permanent
washing
the process of rinsing of film or photographic papers with water to remove chemicals from them.
Hypo clear
a chemical neutralizes film or photographic paper. it’s effect is to cut down wash time and assist in giving a more stable image.
photoflo
removes water marks.
Black bag
bag with arms used to load film into a developing tank without exposing it to light.
Developing tanks
light tight tank used for film processing
Latent
when an image is recorded on film that can be made visible by development.
wash
removes spots on your negatives occur when over agitation occurs
thin negatives
over exposed or over processed
film dryer
a container that houses film while it dries.
depth of field
refers to the distance between the nearest and farthest objects in a scene that appear acceptably sharp in image
rule of thirds
area divided into thirds both horizontally and vertically. the intersections of these lines suggest four options for placing the center of interest for good composition. the option you select depends on the subject and how you would like that subject to be presented.
leading lines
used to help move your eye through the composition
avoiding mergers
when the background mergers with the foreground, sometimes bad or good
balance
made in a comparison is to place two objects close together or side by side for comparison and contrast
Framing
technique used to keep eyes focused on the subject. the environment around a subject can be used to frame in your important subject.
simplicity
place the subject against a neutral or contrasting background, only focus on the subject
worms eye view
taking a picture from below the subject
birds eye view
taking a picture from above the subject
Pattern
Repeating elements in a composition either regular or irregular
Aperture
the circle shaped opening that opens like a fan in a lens, through which light passes to strike the image sensor or the film.
Bulb setting
allows the shutter to be open for as long as you hold the shutter release button down.
F-stop
A lens aperture setting calibrated to a number system.
Shutter speed
controls the duration of an exposure in a camera
Shutter
Located in the camera body and controls how long a film is exposed.
Counter balance
Balances the weight of the enlger
Baseboard
The foundation of the enlarger
Easel
A darkroom device used to hold paper flat while exposing it to light.
Focusing Control
Moves the lens up and down to focus
Lamp
Supplies the light source
Timer
Times the exposure of the photopaper

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