Revenge and betrayal go hand in hand as revenge can lead to betrayal and betrayal will always lead to revenge. Both shakespeare and dickens use motifs of betrayal and revengein othello and oliver twist respectively. Othello is a domesticated traged play about a black army general also known as a moor that lives in venice. he is very respected and is married to desdemona. iago is one of othellos most trusted lieutenents, but othello decides to promote someone else who is under qulified and less experienced than iago;cassio. n anger iago starts rumours and tells othello the only way to keep his status is to kill desdemona, othello then kills himself as he realises they were not true.

Oliver twist is a critical novel of the social climate in those times. the story is about a boy who was born into an orphanage and then later moves to the workhouses, which in those days were horrific and feared by most of the public. oliver then runs off to london and is found by doger who works for a company of theives, and take him in. then an old gentel man takes oliver in with him, but feared for the saftey of the gang is then kidnapped by nancy. ancy then meets mr brownlow to tell him where he would find oliver, but a spy for fagin reported back miss heard information, and for his revenge fagin then tells bill who then goes and kills nancy for her betrayal paragraph 1- othello shakespeare strongly suggest the dangers of betrayal and revenge by showing how many people can get involved and the consequences of strong feelings. shakespeare builds up the motifs of betrayal and revenge in the play by using dramatic irony by letting the audience know that desdemona is innocent. hakespeare also uses a variety of figurative and metaphorical language during the tense scenes, for example, in ohellos last monologue towards desdemona he states that he must ‘put out the light, and then put out the light’. ‘the light’ in this section is a symbol of desdemonas life and how he must end it and repeats if for more effect so it would run through the readers or audiences minds and you will think about what he is saying.

Shakespeare’s use of language portrays othello as being very heroic at the beginning of the play. he words ‘brave’ ‘respected’ and being an army general suggest heroic qualities. most of the language used by othello is very articulate, fluent and controlled but as the play goes on and gets further into the revolution and othello believing the lies his language changes and he begins to stutter, become very monosyllabic, passive and weakend and less in control. you can see how othello is feeling in section 5:2 as he uses alot of repetition towards desdemona, which could symbolise the sense of him losing control and shows his anger and how he is believing iagos lies of cassio being ”with her, on her? . for example he repeatedly ‘damns’ her showing his anger and repeatedly states that ‘it is the cause’ for his decisions and actions, to show the sense of him loosing control. they also show the strong emotion of revenge as othello is explaining how he has to kill her to keep his status as army general.

Also by naming the affair as ‘it’ suggests that othello cannot put a name to the indescretion as he knows he will just get more angry. his is very characteristic of othello as shakespeare creates a pattern of monosyllabic speech like ‘think on thy sins’ when he starts to believe the lies and becomes more angry as desdemona denies it all. he then becomes more and more angry as she keeps denying it and starts calling her a ‘strumpet’ and a ‘whore’. the whole play is mainly focused and based on iagos betrayal and need for revenge, which is very important is established very early on because then the audience will become more engagged into the play and want to find out the result. lso by getting the audience more engagged and thinking about betrayal and revenge, it then gets the audience to relate back to their own experiences and sympathise. after killing desdemona, othello then begins to deny that he has done anything wrong. othellos denial of any wrong doing is shown repeatedly throughout the play; he repeatedly blames his actions on the universe and desdemona. his justifications suggest he is keen to find forgiveness or at the very least an excuse for mudering desdemona. xamples of his justifications would be how he tries to almost play the role of god by telling her to ‘confess thee freely of thy sin’ and how he ‘would not kill thy unprepared spirit’. he also acts like killing desdemona is a sacrafice for the greater good by saying how he ‘will kill thee and love thee after’ and explains how he is ‘cruel , yet merciful’ and he has to do this or ‘else she’ll betray more men’. othello also claims that ‘it is the very error of the moon…. and makes men mad’.

By shakespeare using the symbolism ‘of the moon’ prompts the audience to think of how desdemona is ffected by universal power , the imagery of universal confusion allows othello to suggest that desdemona ”makes men mad”. the alliteration shows the anger and frustration of othello by it being fluent, fast and quite forceful. othello also mentions alot of biblical images of heaven and hell. the reason for this is to show the audience or reader how othello feels about betrayal and how he feels so hurt that desdemona deserves a huge punishment for causing him this pain and for what he had to do.