Non-Political Revolutions

Thomas Hobbes
Leviathon; best form of government is an absolute monarchy
John Locke
Two Treatises of Government; natural rights of life, liberty & property; right to rebel if rights are denied
Baron de Montesquieu
Proposed the idea of separation of powers
Enlightened despots
European rulers that were inspired by the Enlightenment (ie: Maria Theresa & Catherine the Great)
Agricultural Revolution
Shift from using simple farming tools and methods to new farming techniques that led to the Industrial Revolution
Enclosure movement
This purchasing of a village’s common farmland led to urbanization and contribute to the Industrial Revolution
Neolithic Revolution
Shift from nomadic hunting and gathering to permanent settlements and farming
Scientific Revolution
Shift from Greco-Roman based ideas and Church teachings to understand the world through observation
Responsible for the heliocentric model
Supported Copernicus’ heliocentric model with his telescope; forced to recant or face excommunication
Idea of gravity and that nature follows uniform laws
Shift from traditional ideas of government (absolute monarchs) to government based on natural laws

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