Non-Political Revolutions

Thomas Hobbes
Leviathon; best form of government is an absolute monarchy
John Locke
Two Treatises of Government; natural rights of life, liberty & property; right to rebel if rights are denied
Baron de Montesquieu
Proposed the idea of separation of powers
Enlightened despots
European rulers that were inspired by the Enlightenment (ie: Maria Theresa & Catherine the Great)
Agricultural Revolution
Shift from using simple farming tools and methods to new farming techniques that led to the Industrial Revolution
Enclosure movement
This purchasing of a village’s common farmland led to urbanization and contribute to the Industrial Revolution
Neolithic Revolution
Shift from nomadic hunting and gathering to permanent settlements and farming
Scientific Revolution
Shift from Greco-Roman based ideas and Church teachings to understand the world through observation
Copernicus
Responsible for the heliocentric model
Galileo
Supported Copernicus’ heliocentric model with his telescope; forced to recant or face excommunication
Newton
Idea of gravity and that nature follows uniform laws
Enlightenment
Shift from traditional ideas of government (absolute monarchs) to government based on natural laws

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