Modern World History- Chapter 15

coalition government
a government controlled by a temporary alliance of several political parties
Weimar Republic
Germany’s new democratic government set up in 1919.
Dawes Plan
The plan to loan Germany $200 million from the United States to help strengthen the economy and stabilize German currency.
Lacarno Pact
The pact between Germany (Gustav Streseman) and France(Aristide Briand). It basically says that Germany and France cannot attack each other, and Germany would respect the existing borders of France and Berlin.
Kellogg-Briand peace pact
A pact arranged by Frank Kellog to “renounce war as an instrument of national policy”. Almost every country in the world signed.
October 29, 1929 (Black Tuesday)
The day the stock market had a record of 16 million stocks sold. Also, the day the market crashed.
The Great Depression
The Great Depression was an economic depression notable for its duration and intensity that struck the world from 1929-1933. Recovery was a long and difficult process.
New Deal
the historic period (1933-1940) in the U.S. during which President Franklin Roosevelt’s economic policies were implemented
Fascism
militant political movement that emphasizes loyalty to the state and obedience to its leader. It has no clearly defined theory or program.
Benito Mussolini
Fascist dictator of Italy (1922-1943). He led Italy to conquer Ethiopia (1935), joined Germany in the Axis pact (1936), and allied Italy with Germany in World War II. He was overthrown in 1943 when the Allies invaded Italy.
Adolf Hitler
German Nazi dictator during World War II (1889-1945)
Nazism
The German brand of fascism.

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