Life Span Development – Chapter 14

In the United States, cohabiting arrangements:
tend to be short-term, with one-third lasting less than one year.
_____ involves a parent or teacher adjusting the level of guidance to fit the child’s performance.
Scaffolding
What percentage of U.S. adult couples cohabit before getting married?
approximately 75 percent
Which of the following is usually present when other forms of maltreatment are identified?
emotional abuse
Which of the following outcomes is linked to having a history of physical abuse?
depression
Bronfenbrenner terms the links between microsystems a(n):
mesosystem.
Which of the following statements is TRUE regarding gay or lesbian relationships?
Areas of conflict in a homosexual relationship are very like those of heterosexual partners.
The parenting style that encourages a child to be independent but still places limits and controls on their actions is termed by Baumrind as:
authoritative.
When parents are very involved with their children and place few demands or controls on them, Baumrind terms the parenting style:
indulgent.
In which country is chastity the MOST important factor in determining a marriage partner?
China
A mother who plays a strong managerial role in parenting would MOST likely do which of the following for her adolescent daughter?
Monitor her choice of friends and activities.
One in five families experiences ongoing, unhealthy parent-adolescent conflict, which is associated with which of the following adolescent behaviors?
teen pregnancy and early marriage
Which of Bronfenbrenner’s systems is MOST heavily influenced by the increasing number of women working outside of the home?
exosystem
Subtle changes in a culture can have significant influence on the family. What is one effect of increased urbanization and mobility in our society?
Older parents and grandparents have lost some of the socializing role in the family.
Which of the following is TRUE of marital satisfaction?
Individuals in happy marriages tend to live longer than those in unhappy relationships.
Bronfenbrenner terms the influences from another setting that an individual does not experience directly a(n):
exosystem.
Which of the following is the main cause for divorce among middle-aged and older adult women?
verbal, physical, or emotional abuse
One benefit of everyday adolescent-parent conflict is that it:
helps adolescents become more autonomous.
Being single offers the potential advantage of _____, but the potential disadvantage of _____.
self-reliance; lack of intimacy
The support that parents provide one another in raising a child together is:
coparenting.
According to research, children of lesbian or gay parents _____ as compared with children in heterosexual families.
show no differences in their adjustment and mental health
Which country has the MOST favorable view of corporal punishment in parenting?
United States
Who will cope better with their parents’ divorce?
Children with easy temperaments rather than those with difficult temperaments.
Corporal punishment by parents is associated with all of the following EXCEPT:
higher levels of long-term compliance.
Much of adolescent-parent conflict is born of a need to balance:
autonomy and attachment.
In which social context does reciprocal socialization take place?
microsystem
Which of the following is by far the MOST common form of child maltreatment?
neglect
Which of the following is the main cause for divorce among middle-aged and older adult men?
fell out of love
The main point of the epigenetic view of development is a _____
a bidirectional pattern of development.
In order to help children deal effectively with divorce, it is important for parents to:
maintain as much of what is familiar to the child as possible.
Which of the following is the main cause for divorce among middle-aged and older adult men?
cheating
As compared to their non-adopted counterparts, adopted children and adolescents generally have higher incidences of the following problems EXCEPT:
antisocial behavior.
When a parent is uninvolved in the child’s life, Baumrind terms the parenting style:
neglectful.
Which of the following statements is true regarding marriage in the United States?
The vast majority of adults will marry at some time in their lifetime.
Bronfenbrenner terms the culture in which an individual lives a(n):
macrosystem
Which of the following statements is TRUE of divorce?
Divorce is linked to psychological and physical problems.
Which of the following is an advantage of having children later (in their 30s)?
Parents are likely to be more mature.
Which parenting style may lead children who are egocentric, domineering, and noncompliant?
indulgent
The restrictive, punitive parenting style in which parents exhort the child to follow directions and be respectful is termed by Baumrind as:
authoritarian.
Evaluations of the Bringing Baby Home project revealed all of the following EXCEPT:
mothers’ postpartum depression symptoms were eliminated.
Teen-parent conflict in early adolescence is likely to center around:
everyday events of family life.
Divorce contributes to higher rates of psychiatric disturbance, depression, and alcoholism for:
both men and women.
Which of the following is MOST true of a family with two working parents?
Children have more egalitarian views of gender.
When individuals experienced the divorce of their parents in childhood and adolescence, they were more likely to:
all of these
Which of the following is NOT a stressor often experienced by immigrant families?
pressure by mainstream culture to preserve one’s cultural identity
Which of the following is NOT a recommended strategy for dealing with divorce?
start dating as soon as you can
Which of the following is TRUE regarding remarriage and blended families?
Children in remarried families have similar adjustment problems to those in divorced families.
Who is the MOST likely to abuse a child?
a parent
Secure attachment to parents during adolescence is positively linked to which of the following?
being in an exclusive relationship
Which of the following is an advantage of having children early (in their 20s)?
all of these
A recent study shows that coparenting is positively linked to:
children’s effortful control.
Bronfenbrenner terms the setting in which the individual lives, such as family, peers, school, and work a(n):
microsystem.
Which of the following factors contributes to child maltreatment?
all of these

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