Intro to Sociology- Chapter 1 Questions

Studying Sociology helps people analyze data because they learn:
a. interview techniques
b. to apply statistics
c. to generate theories
d. all of the above
D. All of the above
Berger describes sociologists as concerned with:
a. monumental moments in people’s lives
b. common everyday life events
c. both a and b
d. none of the above
C. Both a and b
Which of the following best describes sociology as a subject?
a. The study of individual behavior
b. The study of cultures
c. The study of society and social interaction
d. The study of economics
C. The study of society and social interaction
C. Wright Mills once said that sociologists need to develop a sociological __________ to study how
society affects individuals.
a. culture
b. imagination
c. method
d. tool
B. Imagination
A sociologist defines society as a group of people who reside in a defined area, share a culture, and
who:
a. interact
b. work in the same industry
c. speak different languages
d. practice a recognized religion
A. Interact
Seeing patterns means that a sociologist needs to be able to:
a. compare the behavior of individuals from different societies
b. compare one society to another
c. identify similarities in how social groups respond to social pressure
d. compare individuals to groups
C. Identify similarities in how social groups respond to social pressure
Which of the following was a topic of study in early sociology?
a. Astrology
b. Economics
c. Physics
d. History
B. Economics
Which founder of sociology believed societies changed due to class struggle?
a. Emile Comte
b. Karl Marx
c. Plato
d. Herbert Spencer
B. Karl Marx
The difference between positivism and antipositivism relates to:
a. whether individuals like or dislike their society
b. whether research methods use statistical data or person-to-person research
c. whether sociological studies can predict or improve society
d. all of the above
C. Whether sociological studies can predict or improve society
Which would a quantitative sociologists use to gather data?
a. A large survey
b. A literature search
c. An in-depth interview
d. A review of television programs
A. A large survey
Weber believed humans could not be studied purely objectively because they were influenced by:
a. drugs
b. their culture
c. their genetic makeup
d. the researcher
B. Their culture
Which of these theories is most likely to look at the social world on a micro level?
a. Structural functionalism
b. Conflict theory
c. Positivism
d. Symbolic interactionism
D. Symbolic Interactionism
Who believed that the history of society was one of class struggle?
a. Emile Durkheim
b. Karl Marx
c. Erving Goffmann
d. George Herbert Mead
B. Karl Marx
Who coined the phrase symbolic interactionism?
a. Herbert Blumer
b. Max Weber
c. Lester F. Ward
d. W.I. Thomas
A. Herbert Blumer
A symbolic interactionist may compare social interactions to:
a. behaviors
b. conflicts
c. human organs
d. theatrical roles
D. Theatrical Roles
Which research technique would most likely be used by a symbolic interactionist?
a. Surveys
b. Participant observation
c. Quantitative data analysis
d. None of the above
1.4
B. Participant Observation
Kenneth and Mamie Clark used sociological research to show that segregation was:
a. beneficial
b. harmful
c. illegal
d. of no importance
B. Harmful

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