direct rule
replacement of local rulers with officials from the mother country
singapore
“city of the lion”
imperialism
extension of a nations power over other lands
protectorate
political unit dependent on another for protection
indirect rule
governing by working with existing political elites
new territories for the US
The Spanish-American war resulted in
Thailand
All of the following came under French control EXCEPT
the Philippines and the Dutch East Indies
In 1800, the only two societies in Southeast Asia that were under European rule were
activities led to the collapse of the Burmese Monarchy
In Burma, the British
Keeping wages low and taxes high
Colonial powers harmed their colonies by
Muhammad Ali
nineteenth-century Egyptian ruler
David Livingstone
Scottish explorer, missionary, and doctor
Afrikaners
Dutch settlers in South Africa
annex
incorporate a country within another state
Suez Canal
shortcut between Europe and Asia
the US
all of the following powers had colonies in West Africa by 1900, EXCEPT
took an active interest in Egypt
After opening the Suez Canal in 1869, Britain
seized Tripoli
after its defeat in Ethiopia in 1896, Italy
Leopold II of Belgium
In the late nineteenth century, the real driving force behind colonization of Central Africa was
Liberia and Ethiopia
By 1914, the only independant states in Africa were
Viceroys
British monarchs representative rulers
Mahandas Gandhi
Indian independence champion
British East India Company
Ruling British power in India before 1876
sepoys
Indian soldiers hard by the British East India Company
India
Queen Victoria’s “Jewel in the Crown”
First warm independence
First warm independence what the first British called the sepoy mutiny Indians called the
Empress of India
in 1876 Queen Victoria assumed the title of
Tea
British ruled India brought Indian society all the following benefits EXCEPT
The introduction of slavery of the Mongols
British rule hurt India in all the following ways EXCEPT
asked to share the governing process
The Indian National Congress
Caudillos
Leaders of the newly formed Latin American republics
Santa Anna
Mexican ruler from 1829 to 1855
peninsulares
Most privileged Latin American class
Benito Juarez
Mexican reform leader
Monroe Doctrine
guarantee by the United States protect Latin America from Europe
Voting rights for women
the Mexican reform movement from 1855 to 1876 brought about all the following EXCEPT
Spain
Jose de San Martin and Simon Bolivar lead South American independence movement against
The French Revolution
Miguel Hidalgo a hero of Mexican Independence after 1810 had studied
land
Wealth social prestige and political power during the 19th century in Latin America were based on
Britain
the economy of Latin America and the 19th century was dominated by