History 1301 Test 2 Review

King Phillip’s War
Took place in 1675. king phillip (metacom indian chief) tries to make alliances w/other indians. has the largest % of casualties than any war americans ever involved in.
Bacon’s Rebellion
Named for Nathaniel Bacon. 1675 Bacon new settler in Virginia. Bacon lives on frontier where he is attacked by indians. Indians used Gorilla Tactics considered insurgents they would hide til the right time to attack.
1720
N. and S. Carolina have been divided charles town has most growth. S. Carolina has many plantations w/slaves harvesting crops (rice) indians are killing slaves.
La Salle
Sails down Mississippi River claiming all land around the river and the river drainage basin for the French.
King Williams War (1689-1697)
France and England battle on the N. Frontiers of New England and New York in 1689-1697.
Queen Anne’s War (1702-1713)
England fights France and Spain in the Caribbean and on the Northern Frontier of New France. This is part of a European conflict known as the War of the Spanish Succession.
War of Jenkins Ear (1739-1743)
Great Britain verses Spain in the Caribbean and Gerogia. Part of the European conflict known as the War of the Austrian Succession.
King Georges War (1744-1748)
Great Britain and France fight in Acadia and Nova Scotia. The 2nd American round of the War of the Austrian Succession.
French and Indian War (1754-1763)
Last of colonial wars. Great Britain against France and Spain known in Europe as the 7 years war.
French and Indian War
English fighting the French and Indians in 1754-1755 on coast of Europe and haju seas. 7 years war in Europe.
Charles II
1660-1685
James II
1685-1688
Glorious Revolution
1688
William and Mary
Mary is king James II daughter
Queen Anne
Mary’s younger sister
The Georges
the cousins
William Pitt
Newly elected prime minister of England in 1787. Platform (will not give up N. America to the French). Makes 2 promises 1. if colonist help there will be no tax or payment for war 2. once french are gone Ohio River Valley will be open for settle. England goes into debt.
Treaty of Paris
Treaty of Paris of 1763 officially ended the 7 years war. The French loose their entire U.S. property.
Proclamation Line
1763 draws a line fencing in the 13 colonies (break the 1st promise) from expanding to Ohio River Valley. Reason: hostile indians siding w/ French live there.
Sugar Act
Sugar Act of 1764 breaks 2nd promise with the attempt to tax colonist for war. tax on sugar. sugar used to make rum (Puritians) smuggle sugar, make rum, export rum and sell it w/ no tax. British fear fall of empire.
Sugar Act
1.Reorderded the empire 2. Seized ships 3. Enforced tax 4. Beefed up patrols 5. Put resisters in jail 6. Colonists ignored the Sugar Act and would just find another way to smuggle it.
Sugar Act repealed
1765
General Braddock
British general who gave instructions to build a fort. French Officer- Turnoville- caught Washington off guard and he surrendered.
Stamp Act
1765 parliment comes up w/new way to tax that is more fair. Stamp Act puts tax on documents (legal, birth, death, marriage,suing, newspaper, cards, and dice).
Stamp Act
Passed in March 1765 in effect in Jan. 1766. resisters were tarred and feathered which caused 3rd degree burns and death.
Stamp Act repealed
March 1766 because collectors were scared by the open resisters
Sons of Liberty
Group doing whatever they could to gain independence from England. Also in charge of organized rebellion.
Declaritary Act
March 1766- Parliment passes the declaritary act stating parliment has the right to make all laws governing the colonies in all cases what so ever.
William Townshend
1767 Became chancelor of the Exchecker. Townshend Revenue Acts put a tax on all things before unloading from ship such as tea, paint, lead, glass, and paper.
Townshend Acts Repealed
March 5, 1770 all except tea.
Boston Massacre
March 5, 1770. Soldiers guarding gov. house group of people get violent throwing snowballs. Commander says dont fire someone in crowd yells fire… Citizens fired on 5 people total.
Quiet Years
Early years of 1770s no new laws passed no problems
British East India Company
British colonizing in India. Get tea from India to export for other people. Going bankrupt ask for bailout and parliment agrees to give bailout. Fall of 1773 parliment passes the Tea Act
Tea Act
1773 parliment passes this act that states colonies WILL buy this tea. Tea act specifies what they will pay which is a great deal but with a tiny tax on it.
Boston Tea Party
Day befor the tax was due the Sons of Liberty dress as Indians and unload the tea into the Boston Harbor Parliment finds out in 1774 didn’t want to be violent. they’re angry results in punishment and coersion.
Coersive Acts
(Intolerable Acts)1. Target Boston with the Boston Port Bill which shut down Boston Harbor for good (closed til payment cut off economy)
1st Continental Congress
September 1774 one purpose- what will be the collective response to England w/Coercive Acts. Pass the declaration of Resolves. Boycott all import and exports (cut off all trade for these goods) meet again in May 1775 to re-assess the declaration of resolves.
Lexington and Concord
The shot heard round the world. British general in charge of Massachusettes general Gage. issues an edict to turn over stockpile gunpowder, but lexington and concord kept some.
2nd Continental Congress
Mainly talk about battle @ lexington and concord. renamed 2nd b/c new mission. meet in May 1775. 2 camps 1. push back at England and 2. make nice with England.
Thomas Paine
Author of Common Sense published in newspapers. breaksdown the holds to England tells people that the King is a regular person and says we don’t owe him our legence.
Declaration of Independence
Sam Adams idea to create Declaration of Independence. Thomas Jefferson author only 33 no political background uses passages from other authors such as John Locke. Signed on July 4,1776
War
Phase I N. Campaigns (summer 1776) Phase II S. Campaigns British took N.Y.- they believed the heart of war was in Boston Massachusettes they took N. Y. and march along Hudson going N. cut off New England and seperate them from rest of colonies. Washington camps w/troops German Hessions
Trenton
Opposite side of river in New Jersey. Dec. 26th attack German Hessians in the winter for moral boost! helps soldiers re-enlist
Saratoga
Benedict Arnold helpped with victory ends the N. Campaigns gains international support from France. French sign treaty, commit troops and navy.
Cornwallace
Supreme Commander of British troops in S.
Nathaniel Greene
Commander in the S.
Aug.- Oct. 19,1781
Spring of 1781 Cornwallace told Washington was north and weak Cornwallace defeated American Victory.
Treaty of Paris 1783
British give independence and ends American Revolution
Articles of Confederation
Allows colonies to be independent nations and no rules. gave all power to people no army, no raise on tax, each state 1 vote 13 unanimous votes to change anything in the confederation.
Continentals
Printed money (paper money) value of currency way under go back to bardering.
Shay’s Rebellion
The post-Revolutionary clash between New England farmers and merchants that tested the precarious institutions of the new republic, threatened to plunge the “disunited states” into a civil war.
King Phillip’s War
Destroyed pastors family in Brookfield. metacom killed, head cut off put on stick, and paraded around praying towns where indian christians lived.
Nathaniel Bacon
Bacon becomes disentary- continual dirreaha and dies.
Bacon’s Rebellion
Bacon asks gov. for malitia to be sent to frontier for protection. The gov. tells Bacon to stop battles and Bacon marches to Jamestown w/ mob gov. and ppl in control flee and Bacon and his mob tak over. Gov. comes back and regains control.
S. Plant Owner Plot
Plantation owners come up with a plot they tell 1 tribe the other is messing w/them and they will offer a bounty for a dead indian and a ransom for a captive. Basically set them up to kill eachother.
French and Indian War
French and Indians wnat to clear tension and Ben Franklin suggests signing an alliance called the Plan of the Union. It was shut down in 1776 b/c everyone wants to sign it b/c in 22 years there is colonial war. French create forts on Ohio River Valley Ft. Ducane
General Braddock
Washington made Ft. Necessity it falls in a matter of 3 days to the French and Indians and surrenders in July 1754 this is when Braddock takes control and Washington accompanies.
Townshend Acts
Colonist boycott and make slogan “save your money save your country”
Boston Massacre
Soldiers put on trial John Adams lawyer who defends soldiers and gets them off.
Tea Act
Colonists angry about tax and refuse to unload tea sitting in harbor. also specifies what day tax on tea is due. results in Boston Tea Party
Coersive Acts
2. Massachusettes Governor Act- revokes gov. charter from King James I british troops on way to Boston to occupy. put under Marshall Law w/military gov.
Coersive Acts
3. Quartering Act- housing and feeding of soldiers is colonist responsibility
Coersive Acts
4. Administration of Justice Act- any British officials don’t get tried by jury in colonies tried in Britian
Coersive Acts
5. Quebec Act- parliment makes many rules for the Quebec Provence must be in same church can’t elect own officials. colonist react with 1st Continental Congress.
Lexington and Concord
spies for Gage let Paul Revere know about sneak attack. when british get there the militia was already standing in front of gunpowder someone dropped their gun and start firing many Boston miltia dead British take gunpowder and march to concord April 19 1775.
2nd Continental Congress
1. gets continental army and 1st officer was General George Washington appointed b/c he was a S. slave owner. 2. write a letter to king called the Olive Branch Petition. saying parilment is mean and you don’t know or you would help us…. king refuses to read it.
Thomas Paine
Common Sense most purchased in colonies. established that 1/3 wants independence, 1/3 wants loyalty to king, 1/3 doesn’t care
Shay’s Rebellion
The rebellion arose in Massachusetts in 1786, spread to other states, and culminated in the rebels’ march upon a federal arsenal. It wound down in 1787 with the election of a more popular governor, an economic upswing, and the creation of the Constitution of the United States in Philadelphia.
2nd Continental Congress
Meet again in June 1776 to re-asses the situation.

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