Health Science: Key Terms

Wellness – optimal health and vitality, encompassing all the dimensions of well-being

Risk Factor – a condition that increases ones chances of disease or injury

Infectious Disease – a disease that can spread from person to person; caused by microorganisms such as bacteria and viruses

Chronic Disease – a disease that develops and continues over a long period of time, such as heart disease or cancer

Lifestyle Choice – a conscious behaviour that increase or decrease a person’s risk of disease or injury; such behaviours include smoking, exercising, eating a healthy diet, etc.

Sex – the biological and physiological characteristics that define men and woman

Gender – the roles, behaviours, activities, and attributes that a given society considers appropriate for men and women

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