Gestalt Psychology Essay Sample
There are many influences that have made significant changes and have inspired different views in which Gestalt psychology is regarded; but there are only a few that has impacted the entire outcome for how psychologist view the mind and curved their understanding of how it works. Through extensive research; trial and error, previous psychologist was able to unlock the minds natural mystery and a get a glimpse of its rationalism in action. “Gestalt psychology influenced the cognitive movement with its focus on “organization, structure, relationships, the active role of the subject, and the important part played by perception in learning and memory” (Schultz, 2011, Chapter 15, Antecedent Influences on Cognitive Psychology). Antecedent Influences on Gestalt Psychology
Antecedent focuses on perception and the minds way to connect, however that may be. It is the brains way of filling in the blanks, a way of recognition and identification, a way to connect. Gestalts Law of Perceptual Organization explains six forms of psychology within its sector, The Law of Pragnanz which derived from a German word which means good figure; The Law of Similarity states that similar objects are perceived as being grouped together; The Law of Proximity explains that objects that are in close proximity appear to be grouped together; The Law of Common Fate informs us that objects moving in the same direction appear to be grouped together; The Law of Familiarity are things that form patterns that are familiar or meaningful are likely to become grouped together; The Law of Good Continuation displays that when connected points result in smoothly curving lines, the lines tend to be viewed in a way that follows the smoothest path (Goldstein, p, 107).
Another early influence in Gestalt psychology was Phenomenology; a German philosophy and psychology practice. This is a form of psychology based on unbiased similes of an immediate experience as it transpires. There are many methodologies out there that focus on elaborate and deeply thought out strategies to understand the mind but Phenomenology simply embraces the concept of common sense. It eludes the possible systematic bias opinions and thoughts of trained introspectors (Schultz, 2011). Zeitgeist Influence
Zeitgeist was known for its intellectual climate approach in physics (Schultz, 2011). This approach was related to fields of force which were much different than the idea of Galilean-Newtonian metal shavings and magnet theory; who studied electric currents by taking metal shavings and placing them on a sheet of paper that sat atop a magnet and when shaken, the metal shavings arrange themselves in what appeared to be characterized patterns. Zeitgeist more so focus on fields of organic wholes that support the Gestalt psychology theory and supported the ways of at perception (Schultz, 2011). Conclusion
Although there is no conclusive theory or any one way to approach the mind but there are useful methods that deliver substantial and meaningful data that support varying psychological practices. It is proven that “the only thing that is constant in life is change” (Heraclitus, 500 B.C.) and like everything else, psychologist have to change and re-establish their ways of thinking to accomplish a common goal for all psychologist; understanding the mind.
Schultz, D. P. (2011). A History of Modern Psychology (10th ed.). Retrieved from The University of Phoenix eBook Collection database. The daily philosopher. (2004). Retrieved from http://www.thedailyphilosopher.org/daily/000011.php?back=&title=Heraclitus