& # 8211 ; A History Of Conflict Essay, Research Paper

A great adult male one time said, & # 8220 ; Love thy neighbour

as thyself? & # 8221 ; Unfortunately in Canada, that is non the instance. For many old ages,

ill will has existed between the two largest cultural denominations in our

state, the Gallic and the English. Both have tried to sabotage one another

in facets of faith, linguistic communication, civilization and political relations. To understand the

cause of this go oning acrimonious saga, one must take a journey back in clip.

Throughout the class of Canadian history, there were many occasions wherein

the Gallic and English Canadians have clashed but three major historical

events tore the relationship into pieces: Red River Rebellion, Conscription

quandary of World War I and the FLQ October Crisis of 1970 in Quebec. This

essay will discourse the importance of these state of affairss and its impact on

the Gallic and English dealingss.

The Red River Rebellion, led by Louis

Riel, was one of the first major event that created the rift between the

Gallic and English Canadians. In 1869, when the Hudson & # 8217 ; s Bay Company sold

the huge district known as Rupert & # 8217 ; s Land to the Canadian authorities, the

Metis were worried. & # 8220 ; The Metis descended from the exogamy of Europeans

with autochthonal peoples and they possess elements of both cultures. & # 8221 ; ( Flanagan

1 ) They feared that the authorities would ignore their ownership of the

Red River Settlement because they did non hold documents to turn out they owned

the land. Louis Riel, a Metis adult male, took leading and stood up for the

rights of his people. He set up a probationary authorities in Manitoba. This

act angered the English Canadians and was thought by the Canadian Government

as an act of rebellion. These feelings of bitterness and ill will farther

elevated with the executing of Thomas Scott. On the other manus, in the

Roman Catholic state of Quebec, many people said Riel & # 8217 ; s actions were

justified. They felt sympathetic toward Riel and his authorities. As one

can see, this event led by a adult male of deep strong belief and religion drove a cuneus

into a cleft between the Gallic and the English Canadians. Francophones

regarded the Red River Rebellion a baronial cause and Louis Riel a hero who

stood up to protect the rights of the French-speaking Metis. The Anglophones

saw the rebellion as a menace to Canada & # 8217 ; s sovereignty and Riel a treasonist.

This struggle of emotions would stay until the following major event.

& # 8220 ; Conscription! & # 8221 ; was the headline of about

all the newspapers throughout Canada. During World War I, Canada contributed

to the war attempt by providing ammos, war vehicles and particularly

soldiers. Albeit there was besides a quandary affecting muster in

WWII, this was much worse. As the war dragged on, the figure of casualties

was mounting and the figure of voluntaries was dwindling. In reaction to

this quandary, the current Prime Minister, Borden, asked the Parliament

to go through a muster measure, intending all able-bodied work forces would be drafted

into military service. Even merely the reference of muster brought a

storm of protest in Canada, particularly from the Gallic Canadians. When

the Military Service Bill was passed in 1917, the yarn that bridged the

Anglo-Francophone dealingss merely got thinner. & # 8220 ; Although muster provided

few military personnels for the war attempt, it split the state. It was overpoweringly

unpopular in Quebec, where there was a monolithic opposition to military s

ervice.”

( Reed, Hiebert 1 ) One ground why Gallic Canadians did non recommend muster

was they felt abandoned by France when their settlement was conquered by British

Forces manner back in 1760. Another ground why Francophones, did non back up

muster was because recruiters for the military were Protestants and

radius chiefly English. This Conscription Crisis was an added ground for

the bitterness that already exists between the two feuding public.

Decades have passed and it seemed that

the relationship had hope for peace, but to much discouragement, it was to be farther

crushed by a atrocious event. On October 1970, a crisis in Quebec surfaced

affecting the Front Liberation of Quebec ( FLQ ) and the federal authorities

that was to ensue in serious reverberations in ulterior old ages. The FLQ was

a terrorist organisation whose intent was to derive Quebec independency

from the remainder of Canada. Their violent Acts of the Apostless reached its pinnacle when they

kidnapped Quebec Labour Prime Minister Pierre Laporte and British diplomat

James Cross. & # 8220 ; The FLQ & # 8217 ; s snatchs were possibly the most dramatic domestic

events in twentieth century Canadian history. & # 8221 ; ( Watson 1 ) In reaction to these

events, Prime Minister Trudeau proclaims the War Measures Act, alleviating

the civil rights of all Canadian citizens. Quebeckers thought it was an

overreaction that federal military personnels be sent it into their state. Some questioned

that it was a confederacy to take over the Quebec authorities. However, those

who jailed were soberly outraged. Hundreds of people were arrested and

detained in keeping cells merely because of their chauvinistic beliefs.

Anger and resentment remain in the Black Marias of those that were wrongfully

persecuted and oppressed. Indeed, this most flagitious act of terrorist act in

Canada & # 8217 ; s history is a important component in the debasement of the French-English

relation.

Canada & # 8217 ; s yesteryear is littered with struggle

and battles but none surpassed the outrageousness and gravitation of the French-English

dissention. The Red River Rebellion? the Conscription crisis of World War

I? and the FLQ catastrophe in Quebec? were cardinal events in Canadian history

that & # 8220 ; split & # 8221 ; the French-English Canadian connexion. This job pestilences

our state today and many steps were taken to seek to better the state of affairs

but to no help. Yet we must maintain seeking and maintain Former Prime Minister

Laurier & # 8217 ; s words in head: & # 8220 ; Two races portion today the dirt of Canada? These

people had non ever been friends. But I hasten to state it? There is no

longer any household here but the human household. It matters non the linguistic communication

people speak, or the communion tables at which they kneel. & # 8221 ;

Bibliography

Hatt, Ken. et Al. Louis Riel and

the Metis. Manitoba: Pemmican Publications.

1979.

Flanagan, Thomas. & # 8220 ; Red River Rebellion. & # 8221 ;

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Boulton, Major Charles. I Fought

Riel: A Military Memoir. Toronto: James

Lorimer

and Company. 1985.

Fournier, Louis. FLQ: The Anatomy

of an Underground Movement. Toronto:

New Canada.

1984.

Watson, Bradley C.S. & # 8220 ; Front de Liberation

du Quebec. & # 8221 ; The Microsoft Encarta

Encyclopedia,

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Reed, Maureen and Daniel J. Hiebert.

& # 8220 ; Canada. & # 8221 ; The Microsoft Encarta

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