Significant barriers to inclusion are discrimination and prejudice. Differences between people can become a source of suspicion and antagonism and could cause to diversions and conflict in society and may start prejudice. This could start assumptions such as: Some people who are being defined by their skin colour, gender, impairment, sexuality or appearance are less valued and are inferior to or worth less and less significant than others and that they are less capable than others. Another assumption it could start is that one religion, culture or social group is superior to another, embodying the ‘right’ way to live.

If a family isn’t a 2-parent nuclear family with parents of different genders and of the same ethnicity, it isn’t ‘normal’. Prejudice has harmful effects and when children experience these attitudes, there is a danger of damage to their self-image, self-esteem and self-confidence. Prejudice leads to discrimination and even very young children can experience discrimination because of: The colour of their skin and other aspects of their ethnicity. The traditions and way of life within their family, arising from culture and religion. Their disability.

Their gender. Their social background such as the class/socio-economic ground of their family. The structure of their family. Many people have to go through prejudice, discrimination and overall lack of respect of respect as part of daily life and this is expressed in many forms: Racism-ranging from petty comments and insults to physical violence. Dismissal of the significance of female roles and qualities and undervaluing their contribution made to society, leading to disparity in ay and fewer opportunities for women to reach top work roles.

Buildings and public transport which disabled people find it difficult to get in/move around in Homophobic abuse. When children are discriminated against, they are harmed because: They are denied the opportunities others have so don’t have the chance to fulfil their potential. They don’t have the chance to progress and success in their lives and the negative effects on their self-esteem may damage their motivation to learn. They are excluded from certain roles.

All this means that their potential to society is lost and they are unable to develop their abilities and talents and so they aren’t able to make their full contribution to society later in life. Those who inflict discrimination on others are also harmed because if prejudice leads to assumptions that some people are worth more or inferior to other, they develop a false view of the world. Prejudice and discrimination on others are contrary to the values of practise in working with children because they are in denial of a childs rights.

No childs well-being and learning opportunities should be limited by the negative impact of prejudice and discrimination. How Inclusion Promotes Equality and Diversity Discrimination and prejudice interfere with: Childrens rights to have access to equality of opportunity. Promoting the positive aspect of diversity. These have no place in a setting for children. Settings should always aim for inclusion which promotes equality and diversity. Inclusion is the opposite of discrimination and requires us to appreciate the barriers-real or perceived-to all children and families participating in and benefiting from a setting as equals.

Working towards inclusion involves striving to ensure that such barriers are broken down. Once we start to remove these barriers and make sure that children and families can be part of the setting and taking opportunities to open up equality of opportunities and promote positive attitudes to diversity. Make sure to offer each child opportunities to achieve and flourish which are as good as the opportunities given to and experienced by other children, and ensure that a diverse range of children/families have a chance to participate in a setting.