“Education is the most powerful weapon you can use to change the world. ” Nelson Mandela. Education is something that is very helpful in developing a country. Citizens of the nation need to learn their way to development. Education is the united concern of a people for the right upbringing of its children and the improvement of its national life. Cambridge Conference on African Education (1952).
Cermin (1978) as cited in Owolabi (1987) also defines education as the deliberate systematic and sustained effort to transmit, evoke or acquire knowledge, attitudes and values, skills and sensibilities and any learning that results from the effort, direct or indirect, intended or unintended. There are a lot of positive aspects that help with the relationship between education and national development. To begin with, Education motivates people for change. Education is something that not only affects a society but also an individual and their behaviors.
It helps in bringing social change by breaking social taboos, old traditions and superstitions. Therefore shaping people in the workforce that help to make the future of the nation better. Having an educated country can help to keep the society under control. Furthermore, it also helps in increasing production by evolving new methods and techniques by training people in different skills and by implementing these methods in our own institutions and conditions. Education also converts human resources into human capital. It helps in the development of skilled manpower.
This prepares manpower to work in different fields through proper training and education. Education does not only make people mobile but provides job opportunities in different places and areas. Moreover, education provides a nation with Improved Health system and a healthy population. With education, people are better prepared to prevent disease and to use health services effectively. For example, young people who have completed primary education are less than half as likely to contract infections as those with little or no school.
As children learn how to keep themselves healthy and others healthy, they will pass that knowledge on to their future children. Death rates can decrease through education when citizens learn how to handle disease and illness properly, as well as daily hygiene. A healthy population is one that is filled with more educated women. Having educated women teachers helps to set good goals for girls that they are teaching. More educated women also have smaller families because they know more about ways to not get pregnant.
Again, education provides a nation with Democracy and political stability. Education supports the growth of civil society, democracy, and political stability, allowing people to learn about their rights and acquire the skills and knowledge necessary to exercise them. One of the major tasks that education must perform in a democratic society, Kelly (1995: 101) argues, ‘‘is the proper preparation of young citizens for the roles and responsibilities they must be ready to take on when they reach maturity’’.
Others put the case that this is the aim of education. One can conclude that ‘political education’ – the cultivation of the virtues, knowledge and skills necessary for political participation – has moral primacy over other purposes of public education in a democratic society. Political education prepares citizens to participate in consciously reproducing their society, and conscious social reproduction is the ideal not only of democratic education but also of democratic politics.
Gutmann( 1987: 287) To sum up, education is truly the key to development; People are the key resource of any country and the key to development. How they are educated and motivated and enabled to put into practice the skills they have learnt will be a key factor in whether a country is economically successful or not. Therefore for overall national development to happen, education must be a part of every citizen’s life.