Conventional level of reasoning| h. It is wrong to take the moneybecause you may get caught and then punished| 9. Initiative versus guilt| i. the process by which an existing schema is used to understand something new in the environment| 10. Electra complex| j. the idea that changes in peopleand their environments occur in a time frame and unfold in particular patterns or sequences over a person’s lifetime|
SECTION C: Short answer questions Instructions for Section CAnswer all questions in this section. Record your answer on your answer sheet with the number and sub-section clearly labelled. 1) Distinguish between cognitive and physical development.  2) Describe the types of research designs used in developmental psychology.
3) Outline TWO nurture factors that can influence the developmental process.  4) Sometimes inherited defects can produce chromosomal abnormalities. a) What are chromosomal abnormalities?
State TWO characteristic features of a person with Down syndrome.  c) Give an example of another chromosomal abnormality and what it entails.  5) Briefly outline what happens in fetal period of prenatal development.  ) List THREE important motor milestone displayed by infants in their first year.  7) According to Piaget, newborns lack an understanding of object permanence a) At what stage of cognitive development do infants develop object permanence?  b) What must infants master or acquire in order to understand object permanence?  8) Differentiate between separation anxiety and stranger anxiety.  9) In the strange situation procedure, a baby who clings to the mother while she is present and who shows extreme distress when the mother leaves would be exhibiting which style of attachment?