Construction Project Observations Essay, Research Paper

Undertaking Description

After several months of planning and design, digging for the new ACES library on the University of Illinois campus began in May 1999. The undertaking is sponsored and will be owned by the Board of Trustees for the University of Illinois. Six separate contractors are working together under one general contractor. The undertaking, which began in May of 1999, is scheduled to be completed by February 2001. Through informal interviews with Charles O. Pickar we learned that the undertaking is 4-5 hebdomads behind agenda. Pending conditions conditions 25 to 35 workers normally present on site. The typical working day can run between 6:30am and depending on deadlines can last until 9-10pm. As of the 3rd hebdomad in January 2000, the concrete foundation and the steel model for the five-story construction, with the exclusion of the roof, were integral. The appendix of this study contains exposures of ascertained processs and site stuffs.

Observed Operationss

January 27, 2000

On the forenoon of January 27, two monolithic 18-wheel trucks transporting assorted forms and sizes of steel beams were unloaded on site. It took about two hours to drop each truck. A Crane about 200 ft. high was used to travel the steel from the truck onto wooden boards on the land. The steel was separated by form, and by utilizing the rather big making span of the Crane, the workers were able to present the beams straight from the truck to their appropriate sides of the site. This operation involved a six-man crew. Two work forces connected the maulerss from the Crane onto the steel. Two work forces guided the steel onto the boards on the land. Two work forces took turns runing the Crane. This procedure was really clip devouring due to the sum of steel needed to be lifted wholly over the five narrative construction to the other side of the site, and due to what seemed to be a deficiency of experience of the tackle crew. It took them a really long clip to do the connexions on each beam, and look into for security. These factors may hold influenced the unloading clip taken that forenoon.

As these trucks were being unloaded, another crew of work forces worked in the cellar. No equipment was being placed at that clip, but people were haling down tools and what looked to be some kind of electrical cords. Possibly they were working to put in some piece of equipment already lowered down at that place, or possibly they were traveling already dropped equipment off from the gap in the floor to do room for more to be lowered.

January 28, 2000

Installation of metal adorning floor supports began on Friday, January 28. By the early afternoon, the degree between the first and 2nd narratives was about complete. There were some gaps left, largely on the south side of the edifice, which will function as staircases and lift shafts. The centre of the edifice besides lacked decking, and judgment by the design drawings, this subdivision was left opened for a fanlight, which will cover the vertex of the roof upon completion. The decking between the 2nd and 3rd narratives was about half installed by 3:00pm. A two-man squad of welders worked to procure the brotherhood of the decking to the steel model as each subdivision was placed. Particular protective masks and oculus shields were used to guarantee no harm was done to the seeing of the welders during this procedure. Decking sheets lay in packages on the beams between the 3rd and 4th floors, expecting installing. Upon completion, safety inspectors will come out to the site to look into the torsion on the bolts and the security of the dyer’s rockets. The sheets were placed linking to dot lodging upward from the steel model. The outside beams were such that they remained higher vertically than the steel support traveling in. This design allows for concrete to be poured over the decking without it sloping over the sides of the edifice. This full procedure, including the welders, work forces puting the decking, and one adult male who was brushing dust from the late installed supports, entailed a crew of seven work forces. Due to the afternoon addition in snowfall, and the addition of air current, the crew began covering their equipment with plastic tarps and prepared to discontinue for the twenty-four hours at around 3:30pm.

January 31, 2000

No work was done on this site during the weekend, but activity began once more early Monday forenoon, January 31. The 200 ft. Crane lifted three of six big steel beams onto the top mid subdivision of the edifice, which will finally back up a roof that slants upward from the 5th narrative to the top of the fanlight. The Crane was attached to the top of the beams and lowered them vertically onto the construction. Each beam had three little steel shelfs, which stuck out horizontally near the top, and were designed to back up shrieking that will run above the ceiling. Two work forces waited, standing on the 5th narrative model to procure the beams in topographic point once the Crane had placed them. These work forces drove spikes into holes in the beam to ground them to the construction. Both wore safety harnesses to guarantee that they wouldn & # 8217 ; t lose their balance while hammering the beams in topographic point. By midday, three beams were set and secured.

At the same clip the mid subdivision steel hard-on was taking topographic point, another crew worked to pump concrete into the cellar of the construction. A concrete commixture truck was backed up to a pump truck, which had a long arm stretch over into a hole in the concrete foundation. Two work forces watched to guarantee that the stuffs flowed swimmingly from the mix truck to the pump truck. Two other work forces stood near the terminal of the long arm of the pump truck, doing certain the concrete reached its concluding finish. Possibly this meant that all the necessary equipment for that country of the cellar was installed, so the flooring was ready to be set.

February 1, 2000

The afternoon of February 1 was exceptionally slow. The blowing snow forced the ironworkers to abandon their arrangement of any extra decking. Storage of steel beams is next to the building site organized by type and size. The steel beams are the chief stuffs being used during this stage of the building and are closest to the workers for convenience and efficiency. A few work forces worked down below in the cellar, but no surface activity was go oning. This hold no uncertainty forced the agenda back for the completed installing of shocking support, and in consequence caused holds for pouring the floors. This leads to a Domino consequence, forcing back the completion day of the months of every other portion of the procedure dependant on the flooring being secured and the cellar equipment being installed, which in kernel, is every other portion of the undertaking.

February 2, 2000

While detecting building on Wednesday there were about eight workers runing the machinery and working with the steel stuffs. Two work forces were on the land traveling through the hemorrhoids and hooki

ng up pieces of steel to the Crane. The Crane operator would travel the beams off from the steel beam hemorrhoids to other workers who would bolt the beams into place. You could detect today that workers have begun to put steel sheets on the 2nd narrative that has already been assembled. This steel is placed over the floor trusses and so bolted down. Within in the site there was a concrete pail for the Crane, which will most likely be used to pour concrete for the single floors. They can merely put the steel and pour one floor at a clip or the steel from the above floor will be in the manner of acquiring the concrete pail through. Within the building site were hemorrhoids of wire mesh and support bars. This likely will be used as support for the concrete floors. Safety remained of import through out this stage of building and was demonstrated through tracks, which were placed around the floors and during the systematic procedures used during the draw and moving of single steam beams. There were four electricity trucks present today and they appeared to be delving the power supply line to the edifice. Three work forces and a excavation machine conducted the excavation of the power supply line.

February 3, 2000

On the afternoon of Thursday February 3, the site, merely by looking, didn & # 8217 ; t seem to hold made any advancement from the old twenty-four hours. However, workers were traveling down into the cellar. Due to safety concerns, visitants were non allowed down below the construction. In order to happen out what was go oning, treatments with applied scientist Charles Pickar of Sebesta Blomberg and Associates, Inc. were used to make full in the spaces. He explained that the linemans and pipe fitters were working in the cellar running conduit and puting pipe. Equally shortly as they were done, the fire suppression people could acquire down at that place to spray the piping. They were working to acquire the necessary wiring complete so more equipment could be lowered and hooked up every bit shortly as conditions allowed. As for now, the site was supplied power through a shed, which was tapped into a close by lasting power supply. Some parts of the cellar were already filled in, but one chief hole was left opened to acquire the transformers and air managing units down. Besides in the cellar, work forces were puting diamond supports on the steel termss to forestall snap in the concrete foundation from the emphasis of the columns. These processes all continued underground through the afternoon.

February 4, 2000

The snow and air current on the afternoon of Friday, February 4 once more forced the ironworkers to abandon lying any extra floor decking. A crew of three work forces prepared to drop a transformer into the cellar. The Crane was extendable and looked to be at approximately 100 foot. The riggers took their clip procuring the connexion, but due to weave, ne’er attempted to travel the unit. Mr. Pickar subsequently explained that this peculiar type of Crane is non really stable. If the burden sways while being transferred, there is a great possibility that it will toss. Keeping in head operator safety, every bit good as the safety of nearby crewmembers, hazards are merely excessively great to try transportation today. Tarps covered the transistors and the Crane lowered and folded up. Mr. Pickar besides mentioned that a late bringing of hangers for the cellar earlier in the undertaking was already forcing everything behind agenda. The conditions jobs further added to those holds.

Looking at the architectural drawings covering several tabular arraies in the building office, it was noted that there will finally be a tunnel running underground out the north terminal of the library and into nearby edifices. Several alterations had to be made on these drawings, particularly in respects to the construction itself, to modify the thoughts of the interior decorator with the feasibleness of technology. Sebesta Blomberg, which is chiefly an technology company, did most of the alterations. There were about 1000 pages merely of architectural design and several other books of drawings, such as electrical and mechanical work, which were every bit as midst. These all seemed to be labeled in an efficient mode to guarantee that pages could be easy located. This is particularly utile when phone calls come in and person demands to cognize something like a dimension on a certain machine in a certain room. Peoples with indistinguishable books can easy direct another over the phone to a specific page. Depending on the type of work it entails, specific countries within each book are easy to happen merely by reading the markers on the bottom corners of the pages.

Safety Issues

In mention to safety issues other than the specific state of affairss mentioned before, it was noted that anyone come ining the site was required to have on a difficult chapeau every bit good as building boots. Every worker wore thick baseball mitts and some wore safety spectacless. All crane operations were taken easy and all ironwork was called off at the first marks of trickery or unsafe air currents. Anyone runing machinery, such as the welders or Crane operators were trained and certified prior to working. All visitants were required to subscribe in and out to alarm those in charge as to who was on site in instance of an exigency. The building office bookcase was filled with safety manuals, OSHA ushers, undertaking direction workbooks, structural welding ushers etc. All the drawings contained clear markers mentioning to arrangement of safety equipment, such as fire dismay and hose reels. Safety review was accounted for in the programming procedure and any kind of hazards taken really earnestly by all members of the working and direction crew.

Construction Observation Conclusions

In decision, this building undertaking reflects a complex system of apparently unrelated activities, which in actuality are crucially dependent on one another. The timing of the start and coating of every small item is scheduled so that it fits in the order necessary to finish the undertaking in the most efficient manner. Advanced planning, foresight, and experience are used to guarantee procedures are done in the right order. An illustration of this is the cellar undertaking. The design must name for a subdivision of shocking to be left out. Hangers have to travel in earlier wire and pipes, which have to travel in earlier machinery, which has to travel in earlier fire safety equipment and review, which has to be done before the floor gets closed up. Each nexus in the concatenation is indispensable. Delaies can easy construct up fast if one nexus can & # 8217 ; t complete the occupation. It & # 8217 ; s the duty of the building director to guarantee that stuffs get at that place on clip and that workers have the makings and tools necessary to finish the undertaking. The building director must maintain an oculus on all facets of the undertaking, paying particular attending to safety codifications and limitations, and understand the mutuality of each yearss events in order to avoid holds, maintain a safe working environment, and maintain the agenda traveling swimmingly until every concluding item has reached completion.