Common Core Essay Writing Vocabulary

Concrete Details (CD)
Specific details that form the backbone or core of your body paragraph. Synonyms for _______ include facts, specifics, examples, descriptions, illustrations, support, proof, evidence, quotations, paraphrasing, or plot references.
Commentary (CM)
Your opinion or comment about something; not concrete detail. Synonyms for ______ include opinion, insight, analysis, interpretation, inference, personal response, feelings, evaluation, explication, and reflection
Concluding Sentence
The last sentence in a body paragraph. It is all commentary, does not repeat key words, and gives a finished feeling to the paragraph.
Quote Sandwich
One sentence of concrete detail and 2 sentences of commentary (introduction/support for thesis). It is the smallest unified group of thoughts that you can write.
Transition
A word/sentence that smoothly connects two ideas or sections in a piece of writing.
Conclusion
The last paragraph in your essay. It may: sum up your ideas, reflect on what your ideas, reflect on what you said in your essay, say more commentary about your subject, or give a personal statement about the subject.
Works Cited
A list of books/articles referred to in a piece of writing (MLA citation).
In-text citation
Crediting a source within the paper.
Prewriting
The process of getting your concrete details down on paper before you organize your essay into a/an paragraph(s). You can use any or all of the following: bubble clusters, spider diagrams, outlines, line cluster, or columns
First Draft
The first version of your essay.
Peer Response
Written responses and reactions to a partner’s paper.
MLA
Modern Language Association. A type of formatting protocol used by many educational institutions.
Essay
A piece of writing that gives your thoughts (commentary) about a subject. All _______s you will write in this unit will have at least 3 paragraphs: an introduction, body paragraph(s), and a concluding paragraph.
Introduction
The first paragraph in an essay. It should “hook” the audience, introduce the topic, and include a thesis statement.
Hook
A device used at the beginning of a piece of writing designed to grab the reader’s attention.
Thesis
A sentence with a subject and opinion that is the central unifying idea of an essay. It should be at the end of the introduction.
Body Paragraph
A middle paragraph in an essay. It develops a point you want to make that supports your thesis.
Topic Sentence
The first sentence in a body paragraph. This must have a subject and opinion (commentary) for the paragraph. It does the same thing for a body paragraph that the thesis does for the whole essay.

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