Chapters 12, 13, 14, 15 developmental psychology

Typically, the relationship between middle-aged adults and their parents:
improves with age
Researchers on obesity agree that in middle age
metabolism slows down about a third
In late adulthood, body fat is most likely to collect in the:
abdomen
When older adults were compared to younger adults in their ability to make a phone call every day at an appointed time, which of the following was observed?
the older adults outperformed the younger ones
The most critical damage caused by free radicals: (atoms that unpaired electrons) occurs in:
DNA molecules
In the body’s immune system, the attack cells, called B-cells, are manufactured in the:
bone marrow and B-cells defend the body against invaders by producing antibodies against bacteria and viruses.
Which of the following statements about the immune system is correct
The decline of the immune system found in middle adulthood actually begins
• in adolescence
• The decline of the immune system may be the cause of aging.
The Behavioral Immune System
• Jane Goodall (1986, p. 234) suggested that “avoidance of conspecifics showing abnormal behavior may be highly adaptive since it reduces the risk of spreading contagious disease.”
• Mice, bullfrog tadpoles, and people avoid those with infectious disease.
• To some degree, xenophobia may be related to the behavioral immune system.
Which of the following defines “maximum life span
the upper limit to which members of a species can live and 120 years seems to be the maximum.
Some people refer to a period of unusual anxiety, reexamination, and transformation during middle adulthood as a
Midlife crisis
For people who reach late adulthood in good health, the most important determinant of longevity may be:
their activities and attitudes
The chief reason the elderly have difficulty in getting enough nutrients is the:
reduced efficiency of the digestive system.
When Rob graduated from college, he found a good job, a nice apartment, and made new friends. Now three years later, his company went bankrupt and he moved back into his parents’ home. We can expect their relationship to:
Worsen
The decline in speed with which the older adult’s brain registers new information will be most noticeable when an older adult tries to:
find a friend in the shopping mall
Throughout most of history, death has been viewed as an event
That was accepted and familiar
One of the first things Kübler-Ross learned from her research on people who were close to death was the importance of:
Informing the dying condition
Researchers who have subsequently investigated Kübler-Ross’s stages have:
Rarely found the same stages occurring in sequence
Chris is 8 years old and is dying of leukemia. His major concern will probably be:
Be about the mechanics of dying
Ginger is 16 years old and is dying of an inoperable brain tumor. She is most likely to be concerned with:
Maintaining a good appearance
The medical profession sometimes deprives the elderly of a good death by:
Try to prolong life by extraordinary measures- too little paing medication, too many procedures.
Palliative provides relief from physical pain.
The intention of a living will is to:
Specify how much medical care is to be given during a terminal illness.
In the Netherlands, doctors cannot be prosecuted for assisted suicide or active euthanasia if:
Death would end intractable pain and suffering.
Research studies on alcohol use have shown that:
that light use of alcohol is linked to an increase in longevity (in middle aged and older non alcoholics). However, some research suggests no alcohol is best for health depending on the individual case.
The average age of menopause is closest to:
Closest to the age of 50
The multidisciplinary, scientific study of old age is called
Gerontology
The decline in fluid intelligence during adulthood:
Temporarily disguised by increases in crystalized intelligence.
A person in middle adulthood can maintain a high level of crystallized intelligence if he or she:
Remaining involved with stimulating people.
. With regard to the stresses of mourning, the elderly are particularly likely to suffer from
bereavement overload
The theory that DNA regulates the aging process is called the:
genetic clock theory
The groups of people who, traditionally, live to advanced age usually:
work throughout life
Elderly people who are hard of hearing:
are often excluded from social give and take
Alexa, who is 56, finds it increasingly difficult to read the small print in the many contracts she processes. The most likely explanation for this problem is that Alexa, like many middle-aged adults:
Eye muscle weakness
The many changes of menopause are caused by the body’s adjustment to lower levels of:
Estrogen
Brain shrinkage and cell death are lowest in the:
Cerebral cortex, especially for women.
An elderly man or woman is concerned about decline of cognitive abilities with age. What would you recommend?
Read and possibly take some classes. Use the internet and distance learning
Dementia is:
pathological loss of brain functioning.
Autopsies show the brains of Alzheimer’s victims:
have a proliferation of
plaques and tangles, and are
similar to those with trisomy 21, AKA Down’s
Syndrome.
ibuprofen is correlated with reducing the development of Alzheimer’s &
drinking coffee is correlated with reducing the development of Alzheimer’s
Parkinson’s disease produces dementia as well as:
Rigidity in the muscles
With regard to medication, compared to younger adults, the elderly:
have a higher rate of adverse side effects.
The highest suicide rate is found in people:
among elderly people over 60
In the elderly, the most common precipitating event for suicide is:
social loss
Shondra has just gone through a divorce and in the first year she will be least likely to:
be much happier than when she was married.
Despite the arrival of AIDS, the death rate of middle- aged people has been reduced by ______ in the United States.
50 percent
Between the ages of 45 and 54, African-Americans die at _____ the rate of European-Americans, who themselves die at ____ the rate of Asian-Americans.
Male menopause:
twice, twice
Adulthood covers which four decades of life? .
25-65 years of life
Results of cross-sectional, longitudinal, and cross-sequential research on intelligence has led to the conclusion that:
age realted signs are first noted for skills that require speed of response
The term “male menopause” is sometimes used to
• gradual decrease in sexual activity in some males as a result of illnesses and losses, or
• dip in testosterone in response to anxiety or sexual inactivity.
• However, there is no male menopause according to some experts.
Health becomes more of a concern in many middle aged people.
• Exercise has health benefits
• Found in many fish & flax, omega-3 appears to benefit mental and physical health.
In a given individual, short-term memory declines gradually during adulthood, vocabulary ability rises, math ability declines slightly, and social understanding remains at a high level. The different patterns exhibited by these various intelligences are evidence of
multiple intelligences
Research on expertise suggests that for a typical middle-aged adult, intelligence increases:
in a specific area that reflects his or her interests.
Which of the following best describes the Big Five personality traits?
Neuroticism (emotionally stable- unstable):
• calm or worriers,
• secure or insecure,
• at ease or nervous, e.g., TV charachters
• rooster Vs duck in Garfield & Friends Tommy vs Chucky in Rugrats
2. Extroversion-introversion:
• social or less sociable affectionate or reserved talkative or quiet, e.g.,
• Elmo vs Snuffy of Sesame Street Michaelangelo vs Raphael of Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles
3. Openness to experience -closed:
• Imaginative – creative or less creative likes variety or routine
independent or conforming
daring or timid, e.g.,
• Kramer vs George from Seinfeld TV show
4. Agreeableness-antagonism:
• courteous or rude
• good natured or irritable
• flexible or stubborn
• lenient or critical, e.g.,
• Big Bird vs Oscar of Sesame Street TV show, or Angelica of the Rugrats
• Sponge Bob vs Squidward (peevish)?
5. Conscientiousness (” the will to achieve”) – undirectedness:
• organized or disorganized
• careful or careless
• punctual or late
• reliable or undependable, e.g.,
• Marge vs Homer Simpson, TV characters
The conscientious tend to live longer (among the gifted, & maybe it’s true for all)
Conscientiousness
• those who see themselves as self-disciplined, organized achievers have a lower risk for developing Alzheimer’s than people who are less conscientious.

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