Chapter 6 World History study guide

Republic
Romans set up a new government in which some officials were chosen by the people.
Patrician
300 members of the landholding upper class powerful senate
Consuls
senators elected 2 from the patrician class
Dictator
ruler who has complete control over a government
Plebians
farmers, merchants, artisans, and traders who made up most of the population
Legion
basic military unit
Bishop
high ranking church official with authority over a local area
Civil War
war fought between 2 groups of people in the same nation
Martyr
person who suffers or dies for his or her beliefs
Messiah
savior sent by god
Heresy
religious belief that is contrary to the official teachings of the church
Mercenary
soldier serving in a foreign army for pay
Aquaducts
bridge like stone structures that brought water from the hills into cities
Pax Romana
or “Roman Peace” 200 year span that began with Augustus and ended with Marcus Aurelius
Circus Maximus
Rome’s largest race course.
Julius Ceaser
ambitious military commander
Jesus
a Jew; founder of christianity
Paul
a Jew from Asia minor played most influential role in the spread of christianity
Virgil
wrote the poem Aeneid
Constantine
talented general who gained the throne in 312
Hadrian
“good emperor” codified roman law
Odoacer
German leader ousted the emperor of Rome (became known as the fall of Rome)
Hannibal
Carthaginians general that led his army and dozens of elephants on an epic march across the Pyrenees.
Visigoths
Germanic people
Diocletian
emperor who set out to restore order
Huns
nomadic people migrating across central Asia.

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