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Cilia
Bacterial cells could have any of the following appendages except:
Perisplasmic Flagella (axial filaments)
Spirochetes have a twisting and flexing locomotion due to appendages called:
Fimbriae
The short, numerous appendages used by some bacterial cells for adhering to cell surfaces are called:
Sex pili
The transfer of genes during bacterial conjugation involves rigid, tubular appendages called
A chromosome
All bacterial cells have:
Peritrichous
The terms that refers to the presence of glagella all over the cell surface is:
False
archaea do not have th etypical peptidoglycan structure found in bacteria cell walls:
True
Bacteria in the genus Mycoplasma and bacteria called L-forms lack cell walls:
False
Gram negative bacteria do not have peptidoglycan in their cell walls:
Protection of genetic material during harsh conditions
The function of bacterial endospores is:
Endospore
Chemical analysis of a bacterial cell structure detects calcium dipicolinic acid. What is the identity of this structure:
Tetrad
Which term is not used to describe bacterial cell shapes:
Specific antibodies to the bacterial cell antigens
Serological analysis for bacterial identification typically involves using:
An important reaction site for substances entering and leaving the cell
The periplasmic space is:
Cell Membrane
The site for most ATP synthesis in prokaryotic cells is the:
Is part of the nucleoid
The bacterial chromosome:
Gram positive
A prokaryotic cell wll that has primarily peptidoglycan with small amounts of teichoic acid and lipotiechoic acid is:
Gram Negative Bacteria
Lipopolysaccharide is an important cell wall component of:
Cell Wall
The outcome of the Gram stain is based on differences in the cell’s:
Protein synthesis would stop
The most immediate result of destruction of a cell’s ribosomes would be:
Flagella
A bacterial cell exhibiting chemotaxis probably has:
Capsule
Which structure protects bacteria from being phagocytized:
Cell Wall
If bacteria living in salty seawater were displaced to a freshwater environment, the cell structure that would prevent the cell from rupturing is:
Cell Walls
Peptidoglycan is a unique macromolecule found in bacterial:
True
The region between the bacterial cell membrane and the cell wall is called the outer membrane:
True
The prokaryotic cell membrane is a site for many enzymes and metabolic reactions:
False
If during the gram stain procedure, the bacterial cells were viewed immediately after crystal violet was applied, gram positive cells would be purple but gram negative cells would be colorless:
True
Endospores of certain bacterial species can enter tissue in the human body, germinate, and cause an infectious disease:
False
Iodine is the decolorizer in the Gram stain
False
If you observe rod shaped, pink cells on a slide that had just been gram stained, you can assume that their cell walls contain endotoxins:
False
The term diplococci refers to an irregular cluster of spherical bacterial cells:
Algea and protozoa
Protists include
Mitochondria
The eukaryotic cell organelle that most resembels a bacterial cell is the:
Contain microtubules
Eukaryotic flagella differ from prokaryotic flagella because only eukaryotic flagella:
Protozoa
Cilia are found in certain:
Fungi
Chitin is a chemical component of the cell walls of:
Protozoa
Cell walls are not found on typical cells of:
Nucleolus
the site for ribosomal RNA synthesis is the
Chromatin
When a eukaryotic cell is not undergoing mitosis, the DNA and its associated proteins appear as a visible thread-like mass called the:
Proteins associated with DNA in the nucleus
Histones are:
Mostly Polysaccharide
The Eukaryotic cell’s glycocalyx is:
Spirochete, Cyanobacteria
The endosymbiotic theory says that precursor eukaryotic cells acquired flagella by endosymbiosis with a ______ ancestor, and others gained photosynthetic ability from endosymbiosis with a ________ ancestor:
Endoplasmic reticulum
The cell’s series of tunnel-like membranes functioning in transport and storage are the:
Golgi apparatus
An organelle that is a stack of flattened, membraneous sacs and functions to receive, modify and package proteins for cell secretion is the:
Mitochondria
Which organelle contains cristae where enzymes and electrons carries for aerobic respiration are found:
Chloroplasts
Organelles found in algae but not found in protozoa or fungi are the:
Are only asexually produced
Fungal spores:
Photosynthetic
Which is not a characteristic of fungi
Cell wall
All of the following are found in some or all protozoa except:
In kingdom Protista
Which of the following does not pertain to helminths:
Helminths
Larvae and eggs are developmental forms of:
False
The eukaryotic cell membrane is a bilayer of sterols:
True
Infections caused by fungi are called mycoses:
False
All fungi have hyphae
False
All algae have chloroplasts
False
Algae are classified into divisions based principally on their type of motility:
Metabolism
Viruses have the following except:
Either DNA or RNA
The core of every virus particle always contains:
Phages
Viruses that infect bacteria are specifically called _________.
Antibodies
Diagnosis of viral infections sometimes involve analyzing the patient’s blood for specific __________ that the immune system produced against the virus.

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