Chapter 1: The Civil War

Sectionalism
Loyalty to one’s own region of the country, rather than to the nation as a whole
Abolitionists
Anti-slavery activists who demanded the immediate end of slavery.
Frederick Douglas
American abolitionist and writer, he escaped slavery and became a leading African American spokesman and writer.
Missouri Compromise
An agreement proposed by Henry Clay that allowed Missouri to enter the Union as a slave state and Maine to enter as a free state.
Compromise of 1850
Fugitive Slave Act
A law that made it a crime to help runaway slaves; allowed for the arrest of escaped slaves in areas where slavery was illegal and required their return to slaveholders
Kansas-Nebraska Act
Created Nebraska and Kansas as states and gave the people in those territories the right to chose to be a free or slave state through popular sovereignty.
Republican Party
Emerged as a sectional party in the North and Midwest; sought to keep slavery from expanding (free-soil)
Dred Scot Decision
Supreme court decision that declared a slave was not a citizen and that slaves are considered property
John Browns Raid
An attempt to lead an armed slave revolt by seizing a U.S. arsenal at harpers ferry virgina.
Abraham Lincoln
16th President of the United States saved the Union during the Civil War and emancipated the slaves
Secession
Formal withdrawal of states or regions from a nation
Jefferson Davis
An American statesman and politician who served as President of the Confederate States of America for its entire history from 1861 to 1865
Fort Sumter
Site of the opening engagement of the Civil War. On December 20, 1860, South Carolina had seceded from the Union, and had demanded that all federal property in the state be surrendered to state authorities.
Emancipation Proclamation
Issued by abraham lincoln on September 22, 1862 it declared that all slaves in the confederate states would be free
Gettysburg
Turning point in war, Union victory, most deadly battle
Vicksburg
Confederate stronghold on the Mississippi River that surrendered to Union forces in 1863 after a siege
Appomattox
Famous as the site of the surrender of the Confederate Army under Robert E. Lee to Union commander Ulysses S. Grant

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