Chapter 1 – The Study of Human Development, Theory & Research

Infancy and Toddlerhood
a life-span period that includes birth to three years of age
Early Childhood
a life-span period that includes three to six years of age
Middle Childhood
a life-span period that includes six to eleven years of age
Adolescence
a life-span period that includes eleven to twenty years of age
Emerging and Young Adulthood
a life-span period that includes twenty to forty years of age
Middle Adulthood
a life-span period that includes forty to sixty-five years of age
Late Adulthood
a life-span period that includes sixty-five years of age and older
Influences on Development
heredity, environment, maturation
Heredity
an influence on development that includes DNA, chromosomes, and genes
Environment
an influence on development that includes parents, siblings, schools, neighborhoods, and communities
Maturation
an influence on development that includes changes over time
Normative
influences on development that include age-graded, and history-graded
Non-Normative
influences on development that affect the individual, like a unique circumstance (disease, disability, trauma)
Tabula Rasa
a reactive view of development that John Locke came up with that means “blank slate” on which society “writes” on the individual
Mechanistic Model
a reactive view of development that states that people are like machines that react to environmental input
Noble Savages
an active view of development that was proposed by Jean Jacques Rousseau that states that people develop according to their own tendencies
Organismic Model
an active view of development that suggests that people are active, growing organisms that set their own development in motion
Human Development
the study of patterns of change and stability in human growth throughout the life
Systematic
a human development characteristic that means organized, to grow from top, down & center, out.
Adaptive
a human development characteristic that means to change according to internal and external conditions
Life-Span Development
a human development characteristic that means a life-long process
Periods of Life Span
These are social constructions: childhood, adolescence, adulthood
Prenatal Period
a life-span period that includes conception to birth

You may also like...

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *