What was the effect of property qualifications on voters and candidates in the new states?
A. They silenced political opposition to the new government.
Writers of the new state constitutions believed that voting requirements should
A. prevent women from demanding the vote.
Why were some states reluctant to include “equality language” in their bills of rights and constitutions?
B. Such language could spark slave rebellions in the North.
What led to the largest emancipation of blacks in the deep South immediately after the Revolution?
D. The decreasing importance of slave labor
What financial problem did the confederation government face after the war?
A. The lack of power to issue currency
How did Massachusetts respond to Shays’s Rebellion?
C. It issued paper money.
What was the legacy of Shays’s Rebellion?
B. State legislatures took action to curb the powers of Congress.
Who, along with Alexander Hamilton, was instrumental in calling for the Philadelphia meeting in May 1787 to discuss the Articles of Confederation?
A. Patrick Henry
What was the consensus among delegates to the Constitutional Convention about the Articles of Confederation?
C. They thought the federal government’s powers should be restricted.
Which issue dominated debate at the Constitutional Convention?
D. Whether or not presidential powers should be increased
At the Constitutional Convention, the proposal to create a two-chamber legislature—with representation in both houses based on each state’s population—was known as the
D. Virginia Plan.
What was the smaller states’ major objection to the Virginia Plan at the Constitutional Convention?
A. Representation based on population in both houses
As a part of the Great Compromise, delegates at the Philadelphia convention agreed
C. that the lower house would be apportioned by population of the states.
How did delegates decide to count slaves when determining the apportionment of representatives?
A. Slaves were counted under the three-fifths clause.
When the Constitution was drafted, slavery was
A. not named but recognized and guaranteed.
In a new distinction between democracy and republicanism, the delegates to the Constitutional Convention
B. gave a direct voice to the people only in the House.
How did the delegates to the Constitutional Convention create a presidency out of the reach of direct democracy?
A. They devised the Electoral College.
According to the Constitution, who would settle disputes between states and citizens of different states?
C. A national judiciary
Who had to ratify the Constitution before it could go into effect?
D. Nine states in ratifying conventions
During the process of ratifying the Constitution, what was true of the three most populous states, Virginia, Massachusetts, and New York?
C. Substantial majorities opposed the Constitution in all three states.
The core of Antifederalists’ opposition to the Constitution centered on what fear?
D. Distant power might infringe on people’s individual liberties.
In essay 10 of The Federalist, James Madison maintained that the constitutional government would
C. prevent any one faction from subverting the freedom of other groups.
What did the national government lack under the Articles of Confederation?
D. The ability to conduct foreign relations
How did the Articles of Confederation incorporate the power of the states?
C. Nine states had to vote to amend the articles.
Who was responsible for passing tax bills under the Articles of Confederation?
C. State governments
The Articles of Confederation were finally approved in 1781, when all the states agreed to surrender their
B. power to declare war.
What was a shared feature of all the state constitutions drawn up during the American Revolution?
D. Two houses: upper and lower
Virginia’s constitution was the first to
B. eliminate the office of governor.