The demand for sustainable urban planning and development reached an of import point in 2007, when half of the universe ‘s population was defined as life in metropoliss. This demand is particularly true for a state like China, where an unprecedented urban-rural migration has been taking topographic point since 1978. In 2007, half of the universe ‘s population was defined as life in metropoliss, and the universe needs a sustainable urban planning and development. This is particularly true in urbanising China, where pollution degrees have reached an unhealthy degree. In PDD1, we introduced China ‘s existent estate market and Keppel Land ‘s selling manner and challenges faced by them when they are developing in China. In this study, we will follow up with the latest undertaking that Keppel Land is taking to join forces with Singapore and Chinese Government to develop an Eco-city in Tianjin. This is to place Keppel Land ‘s new selling attack into a niche market such as green edifice. Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-city is a major undertaking that has the attending of both high degree authorities of Singapore and China. The findings and inside informations of this study are supported by an interview with the senior selling staffs of Keppel Land. The launch of Keppel Land ‘s first development was received with much sequence.

1 Introduction

In April 2007, our Senior Minister, Mr Goh Chok Tong proposed the thought of a joint undertaking to be done by Singapore and PRC. This thought started with the old articulation undertaking named – Suzhou Industrial Park and it was a success. With the understanding from Premier Wen Jia Bao of PRC, Tianjin was chosen out of four given sites and this was confirmed in the Framework Agreement on the development of the Eco-City.

The fleet patterned advance of this undertaking was due to the committed authorities representatives from both states. Keppel Land with its cognition of China belongings development was so brought in to spearhead the development. Tianjin Eco-city will be economically vivacious, socially harmonious, environmentally-friendly and resource-efficient.

An extended comparative survey was made to compare amongst other eco metropoliss and Keppel Land ‘s selling scheme on its residential development, Seasons Park.

1.1 Layout Overview

Chapter 2 introduces the significance of an eco-city and the significance of sustainability today and what the term “ eco-city ” agencies. Chapter 3 examines China ‘s eco metropolis.

1.2 Aims and Scope of Study

In this study we will be covering the followers:

To happen out if the eco metropolis is feasible, sustainable and practical

To happen out the marketability of this undertaking

To happen out how developers overcome challenges in the green-market. For illustration, client ‘s perceptual experiences.

To happen out if the Chinese are willing unrecorded in an eco metropolis construct. For illustration, follow to metropolis policies and header with a alteration of life style.

1.3 Research Methods, Literature and Theoretical Review

Over the class of research and roll uping this undertaking, we have read through studies and articles on assorted web sites and have come across parallel state of affairss faced by other eco-cities that are undergoing in China. Please see appendix for the mentions.

We have found out about the assorted issues and challenges faced by Eco-cities in China. A more recent intelligence article wrote about the success of this undertaking with Keppel Land where at least 90 % of the residential development, was sold in the first stage. We besides did a comparing survey of different eco metropoliss in China and other parts of the universe.

An interview was done with Ms Jacquelyn Wong, Assistant Marketing General Manager of Keppel Land. She gave us an penetration on the residential facet of Keppel Land ‘s programs and its encompassing substructure.

In able to see the effectivity and patterned advance of Tianjin Eco-city, a general survey will be done with other Eco-cities in China. It will foreground challenges and successess made by the assorted undertakings.

An extended online research was done to endorse the aims of this study. Legitimate web sites set-up by the assorted authorities commissions from both states provided a immense sum of information found in this study.

2 Introduction to Eco-city

What defines an eco-city is when the metropolis is “ making more with less ” non merely by traveling with natural flows but besides by assisting to renew those natural systems. ”

The undermentioned ways depict how a metropolis can be as ecologically friendly as possible:

aˆ? Supplying safe, clean shelter, H2O and air for all citizens.

aˆ? Being built for people, non autos and forestalling the conurbation of developments.

aˆ? Identifying and protecting ecologically sensitive countries.

aˆ? Maximising energy preservation, renewable energy beginnings and recycling.

aˆ? Being safe for walkers with efficient public conveyance.

aˆ? Supplying strong economic inducements for ecologically healthy edifice and other administrations.

aˆ? Educating and preparation citizens, every bit good as back uping community enterprises.

aˆ? Encouraging inter-city, domestic and international cooperation and shared acquisition.

In short, an Eco City enhances the quality of wellness, life, the country, state and the planet.

When we talk about an eco-city nowadays people tend to raise a forehead and inquiry the practicality of it, particularly holding one in an Asiatic state.

2.1 Eco-city in China

In 2009, at least 40 eco-cities were in development in China. Amongst the 40 eco-cities, 4 are smart-grid pilot metropoliss, 13 electric vehicle metropoliss and 21 LED street light metropoliss.

China is the universe ‘s new petri dish for experimentation and invention. Based on studies with top Eco-city builders, China is the best topographic point for green engineering experimentation. Pilots are deployed faster in China, one time a feasible solution is found, the deployment will be at a graduated table that is about impossible, low cost is incurred.

Therefore, China can be seen as urgently seeking really hard to keep up to their new “ fatherlike ” image to the universe. It merely takes one successful metropolis to get down the ball turn overing nevertheless these experiments require long periods of clip before the effects of sustainability of the metropolis will demo.

Several undertakings have gone quiet the biggest and the latest being Dong sunburn, the UK-designed eco metropolis. It was purportedly scheduled to show in the World Expo. However, the factor that contributed to its state of affairs most was political relations. Licenses were lapsed and the building has come to a arrest.

Another metropolis confronting this job is Huangbaiyu. Located in Benxi, Liaoning. Designed by William McDonough, a good known Eco-city writer, was to a great extent criticised by experts and conservationists, hence critics were speedy to knock his plants. The metropolis with 40 places is nil but an empty shell now. The turnout of this undertaking took a major turnaround when factors like struggle of involvement, proficient rawness, hapless communicating, deficiency of inadvertence, desire for rapid scal and defective stuffs. It shows how communicating is important and is ever used by other developers to stress the importance of communicating.

The failure of Huangbaiyu was chiefly due to the deficiency of answerability and audience from metropolis functionaries, under skilled and inefficient builders. The deficiency of professionalism, cognition and creativeness in the urban planning. This shows that low cost comes with a monetary value to pay, even as labour and the cost of stuffs are relativly low. The labour force might non be equipped with the cognition of constructing an Eco-city.

James Brearly evaluated some of these challenges faced: “ You need to understand the sum of people who become involved one time you manus over the programs. In that instance it seems most east- and west-facing edifices were non built because they did non follow South to accommodate to Feng Shui rules. ”

3 Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-city

The Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-city is the consequence of a collaborative understanding between the Governments of China and Singapore to jointly develop a socially harmonious, environmentally friendly and resource-conserving metropolis in China. Designed to be practical, replicable and scalable, the Tianjin Eco-city will show the finding of both states in undertaking environmental protection, resource and energy preservation, and sustainable development, and serve as a theoretical account for sustainable development for other metropoliss in China.

The 30-square-kilometer site for Tianjin Eco-City is a barren with low-quality salt flats unsuitable for agribusiness that will be reclaimed to construct the metropolis. This usage of non-agricultural land was one of Singapore ‘s standards for being portion of the project.A

This joint undertaking with more than 250 registered endeavors, have garnered up to RMB 12.4 billion in sum of registered capital, with committed investings amounting to RMB 21.4billion.

When to the full developed in the early-to-mid 2020s, the Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-city will be home to about 350,000 occupants. The first batch of citizens is most likely able to switch into their places by Christmas this twelvemonth.

3.1 Master Plan

The Master Plan of Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-city was jointly developed by the China Academy of Urban Planning and Design, the Tianjin Urban Planning and Design Institute, and the Singapore planning squad led by the Urban Redevelopment Authority of Singapore.

The purpose is for development to take topographic point around a cardinal nucleus of conserved ecological wetlands and rehabilitated H2O organic structures. The chief Centre of the Eco-city will be located on the southern bank of a historical thousand-year old river class, which has been planned for a assortment of utilizations, including commercial, cultural and recreational utilizations.

A comprehensive green conveyance web, i.e. non-motorised and public conveyance, will be developed in the Eco-city. A light rail theodolite system will function as the chief manner of conveyance within the Eco-city.

Commercial sub-centres will be located in each of the suburban countries to supply employment chances for the occupants and cut down their demand for transposing. There will besides be dedicated service industry Parkss, university and infirmary sites located within the Eco-city, which will lend to the long-run economic plangency of the Eco-city in a sustainable mode.

3.2 Key Indexs

The development of the start-up country and the full Eco-city is targeted for completion by 2013 and 2020 severally, and so mention is made to these old ages in the KPIs.

There is a set of 26 Cardinal Performance Indicators ( KPIs ) for the Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-city. In explicating these KPIs, mention is made to national criterions in China and Singapore, every bit good as international criterions.

List chief subject of KPI, acquire full list, put in appendix, refer to appendix USE Enumeration

Some of the KPIs are listed below:

Ambient Air Quality The air quality in the Eco-city should run into at least China ‘s National Ambient Air Quality Grade II Standard for at least 310 yearss.

Quality of Water from Taps Water from all lights-outs should be drinkable.

Carbon Emission per Unit GDP The C emanation per unit GDP in the Eco-city should non transcend 150 tonne-C per US $ 1 million.

Proportion of Green Buildings All edifices in the Eco-city should run into green edifice criterions.

Green Transportation At least 90 % of trips within the Eco-city should be in the signifier of green trips by 2020. Green trips refer to stumble via non-motorised conveyance, i.e. cycling and walking, every bit good as trips on public conveyance.

Barrier-Free Accessibility The Eco-city should hold 100 % barrier-free entree

Proportion of Affordable Public Housing At least 20 % of lodging in the Eco-city will be in the signifier of subsidized public lodging by 2013.

Use of Renewable Energy Renewable energy should account for at least 15 % of the energy utilized in the Eco-city by 2020. Possible beginnings of renewable energy for the Eco-city include geothermic energy, hydropower and solar power.

Use of Water from Non-Traditional Beginnings At least 50 % of the Eco-city ‘s H2O supply will be from non-traditional beginnings such as desalinization and recycled H2O by 2020.

Jobs to be generated in the Eco-city sufficient occupations should be generated for at least 50 % of the Eco-city ‘s occupants within the Eco-city who are employable, to minimise the demand for them to transpose on a day-to-day footing from their place to their workplace.

4 Tianjin Eco-city

4.1 Location

Strategically located following to the major main roads that link the Eco-City to Tianjin Port, Tianjin Airport, Tianjin City and Beijing.

The Eco-city site is located 40 kilometer from the Tianjin metropolis Centre and 150 kilometer from Beijing. The site is 10 kilometer from the nucleus territory of the Tianjin Binhai New Area ( TBNA ) , with the southern tip of the site merely a 10-minute thrust from the Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area ( TEDA ) .

Tianjin being one of China ‘s four municipalities located in the bosom of Bohai Rim. It is known to be the 3rd largest metropolis after Beijing and Shanghai. It houses the largest port in North China and it has a turning population of about 11 million.

It is the of its sort eco-industrial park in China built wholly in conformity to Eco-City ‘s green edifice rating criterions, a system that draws the best criterions from Singapore ‘s Green Mark and China ‘s Green Star criterions.

Existing substructures that supports this undertaking, like the good conveyance web that is backed by neighboring cities-Beijing would profit the industry bunchs in TEDA as it increases the comfortss for work. Hence, necessarily raises the demand for places. There are besides apparent growings of investors flowing in this country which can be used by investors and belongings developers to spread out and turn.

4.2 Key Features

4.2.1 Ecologically Friendly

The Tianjin Eco-city will be ecologically friendly and bing wetlands and biodiversity will be preserved. Green infinites will be interspersed throughout the metropolis. Located in an country of low rainfall, the Eco-city will pull a important portion of its H2O supply from non-traditional beginnings such as desalinated H2O.

4.2.2 Integrated Waste Management

Integrated waste direction will be implemented in the Eco-city, with peculiar accent on the decrease, reuse and recycling of waste. A light-rail theodolite system, supplemented by a secondary web of ropewaies and coachs, will be the chief manner of transit in the Eco-city. This will assist to cut down its C emanations.

4.2.3 Social Harmony

Social harmoniousness will be a cardinal characteristic of the Eco-city. An of import instrument will be subsidised public lodging in the Eco-city, which will assist to run into the lodging demands of the lower and lower-middle income strata of society, and enable people of different income and societal strata to populate near to, and interact with, one another. The Eco-city will be barrier-free to provide to the demands of the aged and the mobility-impaired. Public societal and recreational installations will be located within easy entree of places to run into occupants ‘ demands and supply chances for occupants to interact.

4.2.2 Seven Sections

The metropolis will be divided into seven subdivisions. A Lifescape, an Eco Valley, Urban Landscape, Windscape, Earthscape and Eco Corridors. Each subdivision will have its ain alone features. The Lifescape made up of dirt hills will equilibrate the flats and edifices. The Solarscape will keep keep the metropolis ‘s administraive and civic Centre. The focal of Eco-City will be the Urbanscape with stacked construct complecting Bridgess at legion degrees for efficient usage of perpendicular space.The Earthscape will be the suburb of the metropolis with stepped constructs to maximize public green infinite. Last, the windscape will esteem local heritage. The profile of the Ji Canal, Qingtuozi which is a century old, will be retained. It will be surrounded by a little lake and a infinite for diversion and relax. Two bing small towns within the Eco-city site will besides be conserved through adaptative reuse of partial rebuilding.

4.3 Viability and Sustainability

4.3.3 Agricultural system

Tianjin eco-city will hold different agricultural system within the metropolis, therefore attempt of conveying nutrient into the eco-city for the people populating in it is cut down. The system may dwell of either little graduated table private agriculture secret plans, or through big scale agribusiness.

4.3.3 Natural Energy Source

Energy will be provided from natural beginning, like air current for air current turbines, sunshine for solar panels, and sewerage will be treated to supply bio-gas to power up the electrical contraptions in the eco-city.

4.3.3 Execution Examples

Methods implemented to cut down the demand of energy for powering air conditioning, for illustration by utilizing lighter pigment coloring material for walls, supplying natural airing system, turning more greenery around the metropolis, and utilizing of insulated walls for edifices.

4.3.4 Agricultural system

Schemes are used to cut down the demand of private cars. The best method will be to better public conveyance in the eco-city, for illustration by holding a LRT system. Proper metropolis planning will be required, like the place of the LRT Stationss, they should be built at a walk-able distant from the people in the eco-city. Optimum edifice secret plan ration may be achieved, to do public conveyance feasible, but will non ensue in overcrowding. The sum of car mobile a household can owned can besides be controlled, to cut down over utilizing of car transit.

4.3.4 Infrstructure

Tianjin eco-city is connected to good transit web as it is backed by neighboring large metropoliss like Beijing. By holding low substructure cost, financess can be used for the Restoration of the ecological country alternatively.

Many factors were taken into consideration. These include the timeframe for making a critical population mass, commercial viability, economic strengths and hardiness of the campaigner metropoliss, and site-specific issues such as handiness and easiness of pollution control.

4.4 Properties of Tianjin Eco-city

( Enumeration, elaborate on point )

The above graphs show an increasing richness of the Chinese. Therefore, affordabilty and willingness to pass can promote investors to be confident that there are consumers out at that place. Where there is an addition in income, houses puting up in Tianjin would hold to guarantee that the rates are competitory.

It is located 40 kilometres off from the bing Tianjin City, there are ports nearby and bing substructure that can congratulate the Eco-city. The land is free as it was given by the PRC to Singapore. as the land usage right

Wasteland were unpeopled, therefore there are no issue of resettlement cost

Tianjin is an of import fabrication Centre of China, therefore the figure of workers and their labor accomplishment are invariably bettering. Thus it is easy to entree to skilled employees. Adding to that, the rewards of the employee in Tianjin is far below compared to those employees in Eastern portion of China. The lower rewards will in bend attract endeavors to settle within Tianjin eco-city.

The Tianjin eco-city is located on a non-arable land. The land consists of waste land, deserted beach, and effluent pool. The cost of development or Restoration work of Tianjin eco-city may be higher, but the initial cost of the development procedure is low. The money saved at the initial phase, could be used in the hereafter development phase. Therefore, it is non truly dearly-won to construct on a waste land like Tianjin.

The Tianjin Eco-city is a joint development of China and Singapore. This undertaking is positively supported from the authorities therefore the success rate of the eco-city will be really high.

Developments in the Tianjin eco-city are carried by the biggest developer from many states. Heavyweight developers from across Asia threw in support and resources, including Chinese existent estate giants Shimao, Vanke and Vantone ; Mitsui Fudosan, Nipponese existent estate ; Farglory, a Chinese existent estate corporation ; Keppel, a Singaporean Marine group ; Sunway, a Malayan pudding stone ; GEMS, a web of international schools ; and Ayala, a Filipino pudding stone.

Master planning planned by different state, to supply those life and working in the eco-city to hold a good life and working environment. When the planning is planned by different states, they help cover up each other ‘s failing.

Facilities like schools, concern Centre, medical attention, Parkss built near occupants.

Public conveyance system located near occupants from different topographic point in the eco-city to promote less usage of private conveyance.

Business investors brought in so that occupants do non necessitate to go out of Tianjin eco-city to work. This reduces the demand of private conveyance.

Singapore will convey in the “ New Water ” engineering to handle the effluent into imbibing H2O.

Technologies will besides be employed to do the edifices viridity.

Residents will be needed to follow certain policies to guarantee the sustainability of the eco-city. Residents are to run into the KPIs, by cresting their ingestion of H2O at 120 litres per twenty-four hours per capita, coevals domestic waste of 0.8kg per twenty-four hours per capita, and to accomplish an recycling rate of 60 % . Residents are to divide their waste into reclaimable and non-recyclable at their disposal chutes. The KPI besides indicate that at least 90 % of the trips in the eco-city must be by non-motorized conveyance, public or green conveyance.

Apart from constructing all the environmental friendly edifice, Tianjin eco-city will be constructing an Age-Friendly Eco Sanctuary for the Elderly. SSTEC has choose China Healthcare Limited, a Singapore based health care group, that provide nursing place and medical service.

4.5 Challenges ( refer to appendix study )

The secret plan of land used for Tianjin Eco City is an waterless land with scarce H2O resources. The greatest challenge is the use of operable, replicable and scalable constructs and engineerings. These factors will demo merely after a long period of clip with a lower limit of 10 old ages as the metropolis must be populated and used. The purpose is to develop a metropolis that is booming economically, with high productiveness, societal harmoniousness and an environmentally friendly community.

4.5.1 Scale of Tianjin, involve coordination commintment cost

4.5.2 Challenges of given site -althought cheap

4.5.3 Human labor

4.5.4 Waste land convert

4.6 Comparison Study


4.7 Investing in Tianjin Eco-city

There are many chances presented at the Tianjin Eco City. First, the Development of Infra & A ; Utilities in transits, H2O supplies, electrical supply, telecommunications and many more. Second, in footings of Land development, the developers will work towards the development of the industrial, commercial and residential industry. Third, the usage of Research & A ; Development Incubation is approved. For illustration, doing paradigms of vehicles, edifices, engineering and many more. Last but non least, the development of accomplishments. Bing an eco-city, manpower can be equipped with alone sustainability accomplishments.

This undertaking consists of two pools, Singapore and Chinese pool with a portion of 50:50. The Singapore pool is made up of 3 chief classs viz. Keppel Group, Qatar Investment Authority and Investors. Keppel Group has committed itself to aim 50 % of the investing. Qatar Investment Authority invested 10 % while 40 % of the investings will come from investors.

The Chinese pool has 45 % of the investings from Tianjin TEDA Investment Holdings Co. , 20 % from the China Development Bank and 45 % from investors.

Investings made by Keppel Group

Keppel Telecommunications & A ; Transportation Ltd will come in into a RMB 135 million understanding for the usage of land to deelop an incorporate logistics distribution Centre. The 2.8 hectres of land will keep a 35,000 sq meters modern warehoue infinite when completed.

Another arm of Keppel Group is Keppel Integrated Engineering Ltd. It will be researching joint investing and development of H2O intervention undertakings in Tianjin Eco-city. These undertakings include H2O recycling works to repossess effluent in the Eco-City.

ONE WHOLE CHAPTER – Government Intervention


Government Policies

China ‘s recent amendment: Energy Conservation Law. The recent amendment shows singular alterations on two foreparts.

First, the new jurisprudence includes more industries in the cause of energy preservation. It requires building undertakings, the conveyance sector and authorities edifices to cut energy ingestion. The new jurisprudence besides requires authoritiess at all degrees to increase investing in public transit, bettering services and promoting people to utilize public transit.

The 2nd facet is that the amendment specifies the direction system every bit good as Wagess and Punishment regulations refering energy preservation. It sets up a mark duty and rating system to salvage energy. The jurisprudence, which about doubles the articles of the original, requires that local energy salvaging criterions in the building industry must be stricter than those set by the cardinal authorities and industrial associations, since energy salvaging on edifices is closely related to the local geographic state of affairs.

A lodging guideline states that 20 per centum of residential units wll be set aside for public lodging. This thought was taken from Singapore ‘s lodging experience. Therefore, the accent of place ownership, affordability, subsidies for eligible households and centralized direction and care of lodging estates are added into the lodging guidelines.

Lack of skilled workers ( non everyone know their parts ) It ‘s a new construct. Professionals are still researching with R & A ; D theories are applied but consequences have yet to be produced. The procedure of research in the reinforced environment sector must be detailed and encompasses different professionals to work together. Therefore, to guarantee that the research stuff is effectual and safe to utilize clip is needed.

The graduated table of the undertaking is immense where capital is poured in by investors. Labour natural stuff. Investing from Simao Government will give investors the assurance to put in a undertaking as good.


Accountability ( building )

Interior designers and Architects

Consumers need to drive up green ingestion.

Ads by famous persons to recommend a green value system.

Government Influence

This high degree Government-Government support is a representation of China-Singapore ‘s relationship with it being the flagship undertaking. Singapore is able to supply practical constructs and engineerings so that this theoretical account can be used by other metropoliss in China for reproduction to other metropoliss in China. The image below taken from a presentation by Keppel Corporation illustrates the strong authorities influence to this undertaking

The Singapore authorities has proven to be knowing with experience and expertness through the assorted authorities bureaus:

aˆ? Ministry of National Development keeps the state ‘s development in cheque.

aˆ? Building and Construction Authorities have been concentrating on green edifice and resource-efficient design.

aˆ? Housing Development Board has a huge set of experience and accomplishments to be after for residential township.

aˆ? The Land Transport Authority is capable of seting in topographic point the land conveyance web.

aˆ? Urban Redevelopment Authority has shaped Singapore to be where she is today with strategically planned land usage and urban originative design. Singapore now can tout of a dramatic metropolis skyline.

aˆ? The Public Utilities Board manages H2O resource.

aˆ? The National Environment Agency provides for environmental protection and waste direction.

aˆ? National Parks ensures that even as Singapore progresses with urban renovation, verdure can still be found in the metropolis. It is besides in charge of nature preservation.

Based on the path record of the Singapore authorities bureaus, consumers and investors are given the assurance that this metropolis will be a success.

6 Keppel Land ‘s interest in Tianjin Eco-city

Constructing on a strong relationship with China since the early 1980s, Keppel has established itself as the spouse of pick, committed to portion its expertness, experience and leading-edge engineerings. Keppel ‘s proved experience in large-scale urban development design and master-planning every bit good as sterling belongings portfolio in China includes the Suzhou Industrial Park, which has become a famed China show window.

Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-city is another landmark bilateral development between China and Singapore, in which Keppel will one time once more lead the Singapore pool. The eco-city is envisioned to be a thriving, self-sustainable development that integrates the community, the economic system and environment harmoniously to make a desirable scene for ‘live-work-play ‘ .

Keppel Land is privileged to lend to the transmutation of Singapore into world-renowned Garden City which showcases some of the universe ‘s best solutions in sustainable urban life. Keppel Land will construct on its Singapore experience for Seasons Park in Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-city.

Keppel Land has been appointed the undertaking director for the development of the site, which will be carried out in stages. Through get marrieding their strong competences in maestro planning, belongings development, environmental technology, and logistics and informations Centres to offer holistic solutions for sustainable urbanisation, Keppel is in a alone place to lend to the successful development of the Tianjin Eco-City.

6.1 Site Location

In the 4-sq kilometer Start-Up Area of the Tianjin Eco-City, the Keppel Group has taken up a 36.6-ha site which will be developed in stages by Keppel Land. Strategically located along the Eco-Valley, in close propinquity to the Eco-Business Park and the commercial sub-centre which is located following to a planned visible radiation rail station, the full Keppel development is expected to give approximately 5,000 places every bit good as commercial developments, including office and retail with entire Gross Floor Area of approximately 680,000 sq m.

6.2 Recent Updates

Keppel Corporation Limited and Keppel Land Limited will take up involvements of 45 % and 55 % severally in a 36.8-ha site located in the 4-sq kilometer Start-Up Area ( SUA ) of the Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-City ( Tianjin Eco-City ) . The entire capital investing cost of Keppel ‘s development is about RMB 705 million ( about S $ 148.5 million ) .

Seasons Park, the first stage of the Keppel development, launched its quality eco-homes in October 2010 and saw an encouraging take-up of 460 units. Phase 1 is expected to give approximately 1,760 places with a entire Gross Floor Area ( GFA ) of approximately 170,000 sq m and commercial developments ( including office and retail ) covering a entire GFA of approximately 40,000 sq m.

7 Seasons Park

Location: Hanbei Road, Tianjin Eco-City

Type of development: Condominiums

Tenure: 70 old ages rental

No of Unit of measurements: 1,672

Gross saless Status: Soft launch – & gt ; 90 % of 220 units ( 01-Nov-10 )

The Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-City ( Tianjin Eco-City ) is a landmark bilateral undertaking between the Governments of Singapore and China to make a practical, scalable and replicable theoretical account for sustainable development for other metropoliss in China and the remainder of the universe. Located in the Tianjin Binhai New Area, the 30-sq kilometer Tianjin Eco-City site will be transformed in stages over 10 to 15 old ages. To rise the demonstrative consequence, both states agreed that the site will be located on non-arable water-scarce land, with limited natural resources.

Seasons Park is strategically located along the Eco-Valley, the ecological green spinal column associating major theodolite nodes, residential developments and commercial Centres within the Eco-City. The development is besides in close propinquity to the Eco-Business Park and the commercial sub-centre.

Amongst Seasons Park ‘s popular characteristics with the homebuyers is the well-found clubhouse with installations such as an in-door temperate swimming pool, sweat room, secondary school, snooker room and a cafe semen reading sofa.

7.1 Location

In the 4-sq kilometer Start-Up Area ( SUA ) of the Tianjin Eco-City, the Keppel Group has taken up a 36.6-ha site, which will be developed in stages and expected to give approximately into a sum of 4,995 places plus office and retails by Keppel Land.

Phase 1 of the 36.6-ha site in the SUA, Seasons Park, comprises a sum of 1,672 abodes, is the first aggregation of eco-homes to be launched in the Keppel development where Keppel Corporation and Keppel Land have involvements of 45 % and 55 % severally. Keppel Land is besides the undertaking director for the Keppel development.

Seasons Park is strategically located along the Eco-Valley, the ecological green spinal column associating major theodolite nodes, residential developments and commercial Centres within the Eco-City. The development is besides in close propinquity to the Eco-Business Park and the commercial sub-centre.

Amongst Seasons Park ‘s popular characteristics with the homebuyers is the well-found clubhouse with installations such as an in-door temperate swimming pool, sweat room, secondary school, snooker room and a cafe semen reading sofa.

7.2 Merchandise

Seasons Park is strategically located within the Start-Up Area of Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-City. Well connected by assorted transit webs, Seasons Park is extremely accessible from all the cardinal metropoliss and economic territories.

Strategically located following to the southern concern Centre, the Sub-centre will be a booming hub of retail, amusement and lifestyle services. A comprehensive scope of comfortss, set within 500metres of the locality, makes for vivacious and convenient life.

Play right where you live- with installations for tennis, hoops, horticulture, swimming, gym and more, everything at Seasons Park have been thoughtfully planned to supply for different lifestyle demands.

Bringing together the rich experience of world-renowned architecture firm- P & A ; T Group, landscaping expert- AECOM Landscape, and interior designer- Suying Design, Seasons Park will have green life infinites.

Tianjin, one of the four municipal metropoliss in China, is the biggest shoreline metropolis in Northern China. Puting at the bosom of the Bohai Rim, Tianjin is the nucleus economic Centre, playing a important function in the economic development of the part and the state.

Embarked as the chief concern node in the Bohai Rim, Tianjin Binhai Area is designated as a comprehensive reform pilot country by the authorities. More than 100 endeavors from the universe ‘s top 500 have since settled into the new country. In 2008, the country enjoyed a growing rate transcending 20 % , and is accredited as China ‘s 3rd economic growing pole.

Tianjin, one of the four municipal metropoliss in China, is the biggest shoreline metropolis in Northern China. Puting at the bosom of the Bohai Rim, Tianjin is the nucleus economic Centre, playing a important function in the economic development of the part and the state.

Embarked as the chief concern node in the Bohai Rim, Tianjin Binhai Area is designated as a comprehensive reform pilot country by the authorities. More than 100 endeavors from the universe ‘s top 500 have since settled into the new country. In 2008, the country enjoyed a growing rate transcending 20 % , and is accredited as China ‘s 3rd economic growing pole.

Seasons Park, showcasing the first eco places to be developed by Keppel, will present a new life style in an environmentally sensitive and sustainable development which will be cherished in the community for digesting value.

Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-City will integrate the best thoughts and solutions from both Singapore and China, to recognize the shared vision of an eco-city that is environmentally friendly, socially harmonious and economically sustainable.

7.3 Monetary value

The mean monetary value for a sale during the soft launch was about RM 11,000 – S $ 2,124 ( US $ 1,643 ) per sq m and the bulk of purchasers came from the Tianjin country.

7.4 Topographic point

7.5 Promotion

More information

Keppel has sold more than 90 % of the 220 units released for during the soft launch of its Seasons Park residential development in the Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-City ( Tianjin Eco-City ) .

The mean monetary value achieved was about RMB11, 000 per square meter for the units sold during the soft launch. Majority of the purchasers are from Tianjin and environing parts.

8 Restrictions and Recommendations

9 Decision

A Chinese authorities back uping fresh and advanced thought about metropoliss can be considered a really positive accomplishment.


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