ART Appreciation Midterm

La Primavera
Botticelli
Birth of Venus
Botticelli
School of Athens, guys in middle
Raphael, Plato Aristotle
Venus of Villendorf
fertility goddess
the elements of art form the basic — of art
vocabulary
the principles of design are a kind of —- that artists apply to the elements of art
grammar
a line that is a continuous mark
actual line
the line that defines the edge of a shape
boundary
one definition of this element is “a mark that connects two points”
line
a line that givers viewers the impression that there are seeing a line where there is not a continuos mark
implied line
by orienting lines so that they attract attention to a specific area of a work the artist is using
directional lines
a contour line defines the the outer edge or profile of an object and can be used to suggest a volume in space T or F
true
a shape made of perfectly straight lines would be classified as
geometric shape
the type of shape that is composed of unpredictable, irregular lines is called
organic
a shape on a flat picture surface that is defined by surrounding empty space is known as a
positive
in a 2D work, when the figure becomes the background and the background becomes the figure, we perceive
a figure ground reversal
Because it is 3D a form has 3 spatial measurements
depth, height, width
a 2D object is called a shape, a 3D object is called a
form
These 4 visual elements of art- form, volume, mass, texture, are present in — works of art
3D
Forms such as a pyramid which tend to be precise are known as — forms
geometric
A 3D surface that is designed to be viewed from one direction is known as a
relief
an upright stone that has an incised relief on its surface is known as a
stela
the element of art that defines the amount of space occupied by an object is
volume
— volume is a space that is enclosed by materials that are not entirely solid
open
by using —- texture to contradict tactile experience, artists can invite viewers to reconsider the world around them
subversive
the lightness or darkness of a surface is the element of art called
value
artists can create a sense of —- by using light and dark values
depth
a series of different values that are grouped together is called
value range
the chiaroscuro method uses 5 defined values: cast, shadow, reflected light, core shadows and light and —-
higlight
the process of using a series of parallel lines set close to another to differentiate planes of value in a work of art is called
hatching
hatching and cross hatching use 2D lines to communicate —- depth
3D
when using a series of squares that are exactly the same shape, implied depth can be achieved by
relative size, overlapping, alternating value, and relative position
an artist can use color to indicate depth. when a color is very pure, intense then it seems to be
closer
one point perspective does convey depth, but it has limited applications due to its reliance on a single
vanishing point
this type of perspective is used when an object is being viewed from an angle rather than from directly in front
2 pt perspective
if an artist were to depict 5 people each running toward a different tree, from different starting pts, of view. we call
four shortening
this subject can be used to separate white light into the colors of the spectrum
prism
physioists have explained that when we see a color it is the portion of the light spectrum that a surface fails to
absorb
if you were to look at a t-shirt that absorbed: violet, blue, green, yellow, orange, what color would be appear?
red
hue
general classification of a color; the distinctive characteristics of a color as seen in the visible light spectrum
subtractive color theory
when subtracted colors are mixed they make a darker and duller color because more of the visible spectrum is absorbed
a color that is lighter than its basic hue is known as a tint. a color that is darker than its basic hue is called a
shade
an artwork that has many hues but only one value is called monochromatic T or F
false
we generally associate a color with its purest, most intense state or its highest level of
saturation
a color that is almost gray has a — saturation
low
this art movement of the 1960s relies on perceptual anomalies of the human eye to create dynamic objects
pop art
this spinning toy gives as sense of motion to a viewer when he or she looks at through the small slits in its cylindrical drum at a strip of changing pictures
zoetrope
this type of art can only exist in one place and time in history
performance art
this type of sculpture can move and change its visual form
kinetic
the elements of time and motion are not applicable to the art of photography T or F
False
what element describes the imposition of order and harmony on a design
unity
3 kinds of unity
gestalt, conceptual, compositional
compositional unity strikes as interesting because monotony of too much similarity and chaos of too much —- in a work of art
variety
variety can —- a design
invigorate
—– balance is achieved when 2 halves if a composition are nor mirror images of each other
asymetrical
nonobjective art is
unrecognizable

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