AP Art History Essay Cheat Sheet

Napoleon Crossing the Saint Bernard (also known as Napoleon Crossing the Alps)
Jacques-Louis David, Oil on Canvas, Neoclassical, 1801 CE.
In what essays should you use Napoleon Crossing the Saint Bernard in?
Light/Lighting
What points should be made about Napoleon Crossing the Saint Bernard?
Light hits Napoleon from the sun at the top
David uses small strokes of light and dark to create Napoleon’s lighting
Abbey in the Oakwood
Caspar David Friedrich, Oil on Canvas, Romantic, 1809-1810 CE.
In what essays should you use Abbey in the Oakwood in?
Light/Lighting
What points should be made about Abbey in the Oakwood?
Two candles light the way for the monks
Sun is setting and a crescent moon is apparent
Contrast of light and dark contributes to the idea of a funeral procession
Judith Slaying Holofernes
Artemisia Gentileschi, Oil on Canvas, Italian Baroque, c.1614-1620 CE.
In what essays should you use Judith Slaying Holofernes in?
Light/Lighting, Women’s Roles
What points should be made about Judith Slaying Holofernes?
Employs tenebrism, a style of painting characterized by deep shadows and a distinct contrast between light and dark areas
Influenced by Caravaggio

Judith is drawn to represent Artemisia
Holofernes is drawn to represent her rapist
Glorification of St. Ignatius
Andrea Pozzo, Fresco, Baroque, 1691-1694 CE, Rome, Italy.
In what essays should you use Glorification of St. Ignatius in?
Light/Lighting
What points should be made about Glorification of St. Ignatius?
Stark and dramatic contrasting light
Employs tenebrism
Influenced by Caravaggio
Hatshepsut Carrying Jars (Outside of European tradition) (Statue)
Granite, Egypt, New Kingdom, c.1479-1458 BCE.
In what essays should you use Hatshepsut?
Women’s Roles
What points should be made about Hatshepsut?
Implies the role of men in Egyptian society as more important by masculinizing Hatshepsut
Theodora: San Vitale
Mosaic, Byzantine, Early Byzantine, c.547CE, Ravenna, Italy.
In what essays should you use Theodora: San Vitale?
Women’s Roles
What points should be made about Theodora: San Vitale?
Chartres Cathedral
Gothic, French, 1194-1220 CE (reconstruction), Chartres, France.
In what essays should you use Chartres Cathedral in?
Light/Lighting
What points should be made about Chartres Cathedral?
Use of stained glass
Death of Marat
Jacques-Louis David, Oil on Canvas, Neoclassical, 1793 CE.
In what essays should you use Death of Marat in?
Light/Lighting
What points should be made about Death of Marat?
Soft, glowing light on face
Bold use of contrasting light
Darkness above light, which is unlike other neoclassical works

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