Abnormal Psychology Chap. 1

Norms
Stated and unstated rules for proper conduct
Abnormal Behavior
Behavior, thoughts, and emotions that break norms of psychological functioning. Varies from different societies based on norms
Dangerous Behavior
Behavior that is consistently careless, hostile, or confused; may put themselves and others around them at risk
Thomas Szasz
Clinical theorist; found the concept of mental illness to be a myth, and that deviations of norms in a society are just “problems of living”
Eccentricity
An unusual pattern with which others have no right to interfere
Treatment/Therapy
A procedure designed to change abnormal behavior into more normal behavior
Sufferer
Seeks relief from the healer
Healer
Trained and socially accepted whose expertise is accepted by the sufferer and his or her social group
Series of Contacts
Between the healer and the sufferer, through which the healer tries to produce certain changes in the sufferer’s emotional state, attitudes, and behaviors
Trephination
Ancient treatment; a stone instrument was used to cut away a circular section of the skull to release “evil spirits” that would supposedly cause the abnormal behavior
Hippocrates
Taught that illnesses had natural causes and abnormal behavior came from disease arising from internal physical problems
Humors
Four fluids that flowed throughout the body
Yellow Bile
Part of the humors; an excess of this fluid was believed to cause mania
Black Bile
Part of the humors; an excess of this fluid was believed to cause melancholia
Johann Weyer
First physician to specialize in mental illness and believed that the mind was as susceptible to illness as the body was; considered the founder of the modern study of psychopathology
Gheel
A famous religious shrine devoted to the humane and loving treatment of people with mental disorders, located in Belgium; forerunner of today’s community mental health programs
Asylums
Institutions whose primary purpose was to care for people with mental illness; created with good intentions, but essentially became prisons where patients were held in filthy conditions and treated with unspeakable cruelty
Philippe Pinel
Known for bringing reforms to asylums and allowed patients to move freely around the hospital and gave them a comfortable setting and advice
Somatogenic Perspective
The view that abnormal psychological functioning has physical causes
Psychogenic Perspective
The view that the chief causes of abnormal functioning are psychological
Emil Kraeplin
Published a textbook arguing that physical factors are responsible for mental dysfunction
Hypnotism
A procedure in which a person is placed in a trancelike mental state during which he or she becomes extremely suggestible
Mesmer
Hypnotized his patients with hysterical disorders, developed hypnotism,
Psychotrophic Medication
Drugs that primarily affect the brain and reduce many symptoms of mental dysfunctioning
Private Psychotherapy
An arrangement by which an individual directly pays a psychotherapist for counseling services
Positive Psychology
The study of enhancement of positive feelings, positive traits, positive abilities, and group directed virtues
Abnormal Psychology
The field devoted to the scientific study of problems
Clinical Scientists
Gather information systematically so that they can describe, predict, and explain the phenomena
Clinical Practitioners
Role is to detect, assess, and treat abnormal patterns in functioning
Deviant Behavior
Behavior that is different, extreme, unusual, and maybe even bizarre, strays from norms
Distressing Behavior
Behavior that is unpleasant or unsettling to the person
Dysfunctional Behavior
Behavior that interferes with the person’s ability to conduct daily activities in a constructive way

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