Embrionario Alcohol syndrome identifies a constellation of physical and mental birth defects which may develop in individuals whose mothers used alcohol during being pregnant. Costly natural disease that is characterized by key anxious system involvement, growth retardation, and characteristic facial features. Prenatal alcohol exposure also causes malformation of major organs including heart, kidneys, and liver. Fetal Alcohol Effect is very similar to FAS, with the same range of neurological problem but with out the characteristic facial features. FAE occurs two to three times more frequently the FAS. Characteristics of children with FAS include: Text Book Characteristics Justin Low birth weight 5 lbs 6 ounce full term Small head circumference Undetermined Failure to thrive Small for age Developmental delay Delay in gross motor and speech Organ dysfunction So signs of organ dysfunction Epilepsy No signs of epilepsy Poor coordination / fine motor skills Delay in gross motor and speech Poor socialization skills, such as difficulty building and maintaining friendships and relating to groups Despite poor communication skills Justin was very sociable and affectionate with Joanne and myself.
Lack of imagination or curiosity Very curios of new toys. Learning difficulties, including poor memory, and inability to understand concepts such as time and money Unable to determine at 10 months of age. Facial abnormalities, including smaller eye openings, flattened cheekbones, and indistinct philtrum. Smaller eye openings noted Behavior a problems, including hyperactivity, inability to concentrate, social withdrawal, stubbornness, impulsiveness, and anxiety.
Arching of back noted when upset. Poor language comprehension, poor problem-solving skill Unable to determine at 10 months of age Alcohol is a teratogen, meaning that it is a substance that can damage and disrupt the developing embryo or fetus. The brain and the central nervous system of the unborn child are particularly vulnerable to prenatal alcohol exposure. Alcohol is lipid soluble like most other drugs and passes freely across the placental barrier and into the fetal bloodstream. In the fetus, the alcohol must be metabolized by the immature and poorly developed liver of the fetus. The alcohol stays in the fetus’s body for a prolonged time even after leaving the mother’s body.
The unborn child remains intoxicated, possibly suffering withdrawal symptoms after the liquor is no for a longer time present. Bibliography
Paul Szabo, M. P. Mar 2000, Fetal Liquor Syndrome, The Genuine Brain Drain.
Ministry of Health, Ottawa, Ontario Adele Pilliteri PhD, RN, PND, (1995).
Mother’s and Child Well being Nursing. 2nd Impotence, JB Lippincott Business Philadelphia. Porth, C. M. (1998) Pathophysiology: Concepts of Changed Health States.